Summary: The traditional Hui style ancient buildings, ancient buildings, ancient gardens, construction of uniform shape, construction combination of sensitive and rich. Ancient bricks and tiles, ancient paintings, brick and wood structure mainly, blue brick, blue stone, black tiles, white ash is its building materials. Quiet mountains, streets, lanes constitute a harmonious picture of the paradise. To get rid of these gorgeous surface features, let's explore the two major features of Hui construction structure and the reasons for its formation.
Characteristic 1: Hui style landscape design, garden design, construction surface frugal, choose closed structure, the outside is solid and the inside is empty, with high external wall enclosure, the gate with flat Yixian Qingshi pillar as doorframe, the top of the house sealed fire wall. Concave and convex, the end of a horse shaped head shape, that is, horse head wall. This wall is built between houses and houses, so that fire paths between houses can be prevented and the fire spread can be prevented. Because the firewall is higher than the roof, it can be used as a guard against theft, burglar and wind protection. Firewall modelling is rich and varied, some are made of ladder, some are made of bow, stretch freely, the wall head for artistic treatment, constitute a rise of empty horse head wall. In the construction of Hui Dynasty, the horse-head wall has another meaning. Their beloved ancestors were buried in Tianma Mountain. The building of the horse-head wall has the intention of remembering the ancestors, and it also symbolizes that the horse is flying in the sky and expresses a kind of grand wish.
Specific ancient building design, ancient building restoration, ancient building structure, construction structure
The space from the main entrance to the patio of an ancient dwelling is called the hall, and it is the main body of the whole dwelling - some of the halls. It is composed of main doors, screens, patios and so on. It serves as a stepping stone for guests. Ancient Huizhou culture flourished, and the owner of the house was full of refinement, and refused to expose indoor activities directly. Therefore, more than one screen is set between the hall, that is, the middle door, pedestrians outside the door will not look through the hall furnishings. The main door frame is made of "Yixian Qing" marble masonry, with a door cover, brick tiles covered with rain eaves, with brick carving bucket arch out, thus more extensive. Under the eaves layers of brick carvings, left and right to pick out the three-dimensional statue of the green brick relief, such as Wenchang, sword-holding Wuqu, eight immortals across the sea, Pantao Xianhui, and so on, surrounded by a hundred flowers, birds and beasts and other small reliefs for the painting of lace.
Feature two: the gate does not go south. Normally sitting north and facing south is the ideal orientation of residence, warm in winter and cool in summer, avoid direct sunlight in summer, and get enough sunshine in winter. But the main reason for the Xidi gate is to prevent south. In feudal society, business is regarded as a cheap business. For the sake of good luck, the gate of Xidi residence not only faces south, but also specially constructs a dollar-shaped door cover above the gate in order to avoid evil and attract wealth. This became a major feature of Huizhou merchants' residence and evolved into the construction of Huizhou residence.
Make up the cause
It is said that after the Emperor of the Zhou Dynasty destroyed the Shang Dynasty, the Duke of the Zhou Dynasty moved the survivors of the Shang Dynasty to Luoyang. These survivors lost their land and could not make a living. They had to make small businesses to support their families. Later, they became professionals and became businessmen. Xidihu family prosperity, thanks to business, in the house built to show the wealth of the businessmen, but faithfully believe in the ancient tradition of "the door of the businessmen should not be southward" Zhouyi. In the Yin Yang and the five line, merchants are gold, and the south is fire, fire is gold, and businessmen face south. So who would prefer the south side of the gate to bring unexpected calamity? Besides, their ancestors had been caught in a fire and their homes burned. It is said that Shi Heng and his wife are different. When Shi Heng Gong completed the new completion date, his sister-in-law went to the red dress and red skirt to congratulate him, and the curse was bloodshed. As luck would have it, the blatant official house was soon burned down. The gate of Shi Heng Gong residence is facing south.