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徽派无宅不雕花的园林建筑介绍
发布时间:2018-09-15
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
徽派修建,汉族传统修建重要的流派之一,历来为中外修建大师所推重。
The construction of Hui school, one of the most important schools of traditional Han construction, has always been emphasized by Chinese and foreign architects.
徽州三雕,是具有徽派风格的石雕、木雕、砖雕三种的简称。徽州古建素有“无宅不雕花”的美誉,凡有修建处,都可看到匠师的三雕艺术。
The three carving of Huizhou is the three abbreviation of Huizhou style stone carving, wood carving and brick carving. Huizhou ancient architecture is known as "no house, no carving," the reputation of any building, you can see the craftsman's three carving art.
砖雕——由质地坚细的青灰砖,通过精巧的雕镂而构成的修建装修。
Brick carving - the construction and decoration made of delicate grey carving bricks and delicate carving.
徽派园林设计
砖雕广泛用于的门楼、门套、门楣、屋檐、房顶、屋瓴等处,使修建物显得高雅、严肃。
Brick carving is widely used in doors, doors, lintels, eaves, roofs, roofs and other places, making the building appear elegant and serious.
徽派修建有个说法,“千两银子七百门”——假如用一千两银子建房,花在门面上就要七百两,无论赤贫与富有人家,门面都有精巧砖刻,可见徽人对门面的注重程度。
There is a saying in the construction of Hui Dynasty that if a house was built with twelve thousand silver pieces, the flowers would be seventy-two on the front of the house. Whether the poor or the rich, the front of the house had exquisite brick carvings, which shows how much the Hui people paid attention to the front of the house.
门表面看有点像“商”字,可见徽州人之重商。
The surface of the door looks a bit like the word "Shang", which shows the mercantilism of Huizhou people.
木雕——首要用于旧时修建物和家庭用具上的装修。
Wood carving is mainly used for decoration of old buildings and household utensils.
宅院内的屏风、窗楹、栏柱,日常使用的床、桌、椅、案和文房用具上均可一睹木雕的风貌。
Wooden carvings can be seen on the screen, windows, railings, beds, tables, chairs, tables and stationery used in daily life.
徽州木雕的体裁广泛,有人物、山水、花卉、禽兽、虫鱼,以及各种吉祥图案等。与砖雕和石雕相比,木雕显得更精巧,房子内每一个旮旯都能让人叹为观止。
Huizhou woodcarving has a wide range of styles, including characters, landscapes, flowers, animals, insects and fish, as well as a variety of auspicious patterns. Compared with brick carving and stone carving, wood carving is more exquisite, every corner of the house can be breathtaking.
徽派装修设计
石雕——质地坚硬,防雨防潮,首要运用于修建外部空间及修建承重部分。
Stone carving - hard texture, rainproof and moistureproof, is mainly used in the construction of external space and the construction of load-bearing parts.
雕琢丰厚的石牌坊,风貌动人的石狮子,小巧玲珑的石漏窗……无不展示了徽州石雕技艺的精深。
The magnificent stone archway, the charming rock lions, the small stone windows. All of them show the profound skills of Huizhou stone carving.
徽州石雕体裁受雕琢材料自身约束,不及木雕与砖雕杂乱,首要是动植物形象、博古纹样和书法。
The style of Huizhou stone carving is restricted by the carving materials themselves, and it is not as messy as wood carving and brick carving, but mainly animal and plant images, Bogu patterns and calligraphy
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