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什么是徽派园林?​徽派园林6大特点!
发布时间:2021-06-23
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
什么是徽派园林?徽派园林涵盖范围较广,既包括存在于徽州土地上的园林,同时也包括存在于徽州地域之外、以徽州文化理念为指导、供客居他乡的徽州人聚会或赏玩之用的具有徽派建筑风格的园林。
What is Hui style garden? Huizhou garden covers a wide range, including not only the gardens existing on the land of Huizhou, but also the gardens with Huizhou architectural style existing outside Huizhou area, guided by Huizhou cultural concept and for the gathering or enjoyment of Huizhou people living in other places.
徽派园林6大特点如下:
The six characteristics of Huizhou garden are as follows:
1、以“天人合一”为主导思想。由于受程、朱理学思想的影响,它注重讲究人与自然的和谐,人与环境的统一。
1. Taking "the unity of man and nature" as the leading ideology. Influenced by Cheng and Zhu's Neo Confucianism, it pays attention to the harmony between man and nature and the unity of man and environment.
2、以徽州文化内涵为基本内容。它的建筑含有非常丰富的徽州文化内涵。从园林结构到园名构思,从景点名称到景物布置,无不体现徽州文化的底蕴。
2. The basic content is the connotation of Huizhou culture. Its architecture contains a very rich cultural connotation of Huizhou. From the structure of the garden to the conception of the garden name, from the name of the scenic spot to the layout of the scenery, all reflect the inside information of Huizhou culture.
徽派园林设计
3、以徽州地理山水为背景。徽州山水迤逦,丘陵起伏,地少形狭,山高水长,这样的地理状况制约着徽州园林的范围、格局、体式。因此,靠山采形,傍水取势,顺其自然就成了其一大特色。其实质就是师法自然。
3. Based on the geographical landscape of Huizhou. The landscape of Huizhou is meandering, the hills are undulating, the land is few, the shape is narrow, the mountains are high and the water is long. Such geographical conditions restrict the scope, pattern and style of Huizhou gardens. Therefore, it has become a major feature to rely on the mountain to take shape and to take advantage of the water. Its essence is to learn from nature.
4、以徽州动植物和本土建材为建园素材。虽然它有少量有外来饰物作点缀,但绝大部分基本上都是以徽州本土的动植物为素材进行装点的,尤其是以徽州的梅、竹、松、石为基本素材建园,一方面是降低成本,更重要的是求得园内构建与园外大环境的和谐与统一。
4. Huizhou animals and plants and local building materials are used as building materials. Although it is decorated with a small amount of foreign ornaments, most of them are decorated with local animals and plants in Huizhou, especially the plum, bamboo, pine and stone in Huizhou. On the one hand, it is to reduce the cost, and more importantly, it is to achieve the harmony and unity between the construction in the garden and the environment outside.
5、以徽派建筑风格为基调。有的园林坐落在庭院之中,与粉墙黛瓦的徽派建筑浑然一体。有的园林虽然建筑不多,但点睛之处无不彰显着徽派建筑的风韵。
5. With the architectural style of Hui style as the keynote. Some gardens are located in the courtyard, which is integrated with the Hui style buildings with white walls and tiles. Although there are not many buildings in some gardens, the charm of Huizhou architecture is highlighted in all the highlights.
6、以幽静怡人为目的。它虽然具有游玩、观赏、修身、养性、聚会等多种功能,但幽静是第一要义。因为修建园林,主要是达官巨贾们退隐后而享用的,或者是为退隐而做准备的。只有幽静,方能修身养性,只有幽静才能使人身心放松,延年益寿。
6. For the purpose of being quiet and pleasant. Although it has a variety of functions, such as playing, watching, self-cultivation, nurturing, gathering and so on, quiet is the most important thing. Because the construction of gardens is mainly for the retired officials and tycoons to enjoy or prepare for their retirement. Only quietness can cultivate one's self-cultivation, and only quietness can relax one's body and mind and prolong one's life.
徽派园林多种多样,各式各样的园林把徽州这块古老的土地装点成一座大园林,使得生活于其中的人们“在城如在野”,“山水引入家”。
There are many kinds of Huizhou gardens, which decorate the ancient land of Huizhou into a big garden, making people living in it "like a field in the city" and "introducing landscape into home".
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