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园林建设工程的特点有哪些?
发布时间:2021-06-09
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
园林工程绿化是建设风景园林绿地的工程。园林绿化是为人们提供一个良好的休息、文化娱乐、亲近大自然、满足人们回归自然愿望的场所,是保护生 态环境、改 善城市生活环境的重要措施。
Landscape engineering greening is the construction of landscape green space project. Landscaping is to provide people with a good place for rest, cultural entertainment, close to nature, and meet people's desire to return to nature. It is an important measure to protect the ecological environment and improve the urban living environment.
园林工程绿化泛指园林城市绿地和风景名胜区中涵盖园林工程建筑在内的环境建设工程,包括园林建筑工程、土方工程、园林筑山工程、园林理水工程、园林铺地工程`绿化工程等,它是应用工程技术来表现园林艺术,使地面上的工程构筑物和园林景观融为一体。
Landscape engineering greening generally refers to the environmental construction projects including landscape engineering buildings in urban green space and scenic spots, including landscape architecture engineering, earthwork engineering, landscape mountain building engineering, landscape water management engineering, landscape paving engineering, greening engineering, etc. it is the application of engineering technology to express landscape art, so that the engineering structures on the ground and landscape are integrated.
园林建筑工程
1、园林工程工程量大,影响面广,时间周期长,一经形成,改观困难,具有决定园林骨架、景观和造价的作用。
1. Landscape engineering has a large amount of work, a wide range of influence and a long period of time. Once formed, it is difficult to improve. It has the role of determining the landscape skeleton, landscape and cost.
2、园林工程的投资大,一般占总投资的50~70%。
2. The investment of landscape engineering is large, generally accounting for 50 ~ 70% of the total investment.
3、园林工程的材料是无生命的。所以所创造的景观也是始终如一的。不象绿化效果,是随着时间和季节的变化呈现出初期(幼年期)、中年期(盛年期)、晚期(衰弱期)以及春、夏、秋、冬的季节变化。
3. The materials of landscape engineering are inanimate. So the landscape created is consistent. Unlike the greening effect, it shows the seasonal changes of early stage (infancy), middle age (prime), late stage (decline) and spring, summer, autumn and winter with the change of time and season.
4、园林工程需要把艺术性与较强的科学性、技术性结合起来。
4. Landscape engineering needs to combine artistry with strong science and technology.
从我国现存的园林工程,无一例外的都有假山的堆筑,石质假山和土质假山的堆筑,以它特 有的美的方式表达出来。在自然式园林工程中占据着重要的地位。它造形多样,易于和周围景物协调统一。
From the existing landscape engineering in our country, without exception, there are rockery piling, stone rockery and soil rockery piling, expressed in its unique way of beauty. It plays an important role in the natural landscape engineering. It has various shapes and is easy to coordinate with the surrounding scenery.
同时它灵活,巧于变化,丰富了园林的景观,增加了整个园林工程空间和层次感。假山堆筑的好坏直接影响着全园的景观。假山堆筑与风景园林工程规划的关系是值得每个设计者和造园家耗费精力、气力去追求、探讨的课题。
At the same time, it is flexible and skillful in change, which enriches the landscape of the garden and increases the space and level sense of the whole garden project. The quality of rockery directly affects the landscape of the whole garden. The relationship between rockery building and landscape architecture engineering planning is a subject worthy of every designer and gardener to pursue and explore.
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