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园林工程工程造价5大特点
发布时间:2021-05-20
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
1.大额性:
1. Large amount:
园林工程建设本身就是一个建筑与艺术相结合的行业,能够发挥一定生态和社会投资效用的工程,不仅占地面积和实物形体较大,而且造价高昂,动辄数百、数千万,所以,园林工程造价具有大额性的特点,并且关系到有关方面的重大经济利益,同时也给宏观经济带来重大影响。
Landscape engineering construction itself is a combination of architecture and art industry, which can play a certain role in ecological and social investment. It not only covers a large area and physical shape, but also costs hundreds or tens of millions. Therefore, the cost of landscape engineering has the characteristics of large amount, and is related to the major economic interests of relevant parties, At the same time, it also has a significant impact on the macro economy.
2.个别性、差异性:
2. Individuality and difference
任何一项园林工程都有特定的用途、功能和规模。所以,对每一项园林工程的结构、造型、空间分割、设备配置和内外装饰都有具体的要求,因而使园林工程内容和实物形态都具有个别性、差异性.产品的差异性决定了园林工程造价的个别性差异。同时,每项园林工程所处地区、地段都不相同,又强化了这一特点。
Any garden project has a specific purpose, function and scale. Therefore, there are specific requirements for the structure, modeling, space division, equipment configuration and interior and exterior decoration of each garden project, so that the content and physical form of garden project are individual and different. The difference of products determines the individual difference of garden project cost. At the same time, each garden project is located in different areas, which strengthens this feature.
园林建筑工程
3.动态性:
3. Dynamic:
任何一项园林工程从决策到竣工交付使用,都有一个较长的建设期间,而且由于不可控因素的影响,在预计工期内,许多影响园林工程造价的动态因素,例如园林工程变更,设备材料价格,工资标准以及费率、利率、汇率等,会发生变化。
Any garden project has a long construction period from decision-making to completion and delivery. Due to the influence of uncontrollable factors, many dynamic factors that affect the cost of garden project, such as the change of garden project, the price of equipment and materials, wage standard, rate, interest rate, exchange rate, etc., will change within the expected construction period.
4.层次性:
4. Hierarchy:
工程造价的层次性取决于园林工程的层次性。一个园林建设项目通常含有多个能够独立发挥设计效能的单项工程(例如绿化工程、园路工程、园桥工程和假山工程等)。一个单项工程又是由能够各自发挥的多个单位工程(例如土建工程、安装工程等)组成。与此相适应,工程造价有3个层次;建设项目总造价、单项工程造价和单位工程造价。
The level of project cost depends on the level of landscape engineering. A garden construction project usually contains multiple single projects (such as greening project, garden road project, garden bridge project, rockery project, etc.) that can independently play the design efficiency. A single project is composed of multiple unit projects (such as civil engineering, installation engineering, etc.) that can play their own roles. Accordingly, there are three levels of project cost; The total cost of construction project, single project cost and unit project cost.
5.兼容性:
5. Compatibility:
园林工程造价的兼容性主要表现在它具有两种含义和园林工程造价构成因素的广泛性和复杂性。工程造价的两种含义可以理解为:一是指建设一项园林工程预期开支或实际开支的全部固定资产投资费用,也就是园林工程通过策划、决策、立项、设计、施工等一系列生产经营活动所形成相应的固定资产、无形资产所需用的一次性费用的总和;二是指建成一项园林工程,预计或实际在土地市场、设备市场、技术劳务市场以及工程承包市场等交易活动中所形成的园林建筑安装工程的价格和园林建设项目的总价格。
The compatibility of landscape engineering cost is mainly manifested in its two meanings and the universality and complexity of landscape engineering cost components. The two meanings of project cost can be understood as follows: first, it refers to the total fixed asset investment cost of the expected or actual expenditure of a garden project, that is, the sum of the one-time costs of the corresponding fixed assets and intangible assets formed by a series of production and operation activities such as planning, decision-making, project approval, design and construction of the garden project; Second, it refers to the price of landscape construction and installation projects and the total price of landscape construction projects formed in the land market, equipment market, technical labor market and project contracting market.
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