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中国传统园林建筑的点睛之笔:桥
发布时间:2019-12-06
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
  园林建筑是园林的重要组成部分,它与山、水、植物有机结合情影交融,构成优美的风景画卷。桥,是园林中组景的重要元素,兼有交通和观赏的双重功能,桥身可以划分水面,以增加水面景观的层次感。当曲折之桥跨越水面时,桥身一区一折都有景致相对应,使游人在曲折行进之中领略移步换景之妙。
园林建筑工程
  Landscape architecture is an important part of landscape architecture. It combines with mountains, water and plants to form a beautiful landscape picture. Bridge is an important element of landscape composition in the garden. It has dual functions of traffic and viewing. The bridge body can be divided into water surfaces to increase the level sense of water landscape. When the zigzag bridge crosses the water, there are scenes corresponding to each zigzag section of the bridge body, so that visitors can appreciate the wonderful change of scenery in zigzag travel.
  平桥就是桥面平坦的桥,即桥面与水面或地面平行,桥面没有起伏,桥面以下也不采用拱形洞,而是大多采用石墩、木墩等直立支撑,整体形象比较简洁大方。
  Flat bridge is a bridge with flat bridge deck, that is, the bridge deck is parallel to the water surface or the ground, the bridge deck does not fluctuate, and arch holes are not used below the bridge deck, but most of them are supported by stone piers, wooden piers and other vertical supports, so the overall image is relatively simple and generous.
  曲桥桥面大多也为平桥形式,只是从平面上来看,桥身多有曲折,呈多段弯折形式。曲桥一般有三曲、四曲、五曲乃至九曲之分,大多架设在园林水池之上,以分隔水面使之不显得单调,又是园林一景,同时也让游园的人能够更亲近池水。
  The curved bridge deck is mostly in the form of flat bridge, but from the plane point of view, the bridge body has many twists and turns, in the form of multi-section bending. Qu bridge is generally divided into three, four, five and even nine curves. Most of them are built on the garden pool to separate the water surface so that it is not monotonous. It is also a garden view, and it also allows visitors to get closer to the pool water.
  拱桥是桥梁中造型极为优美的一种类型,极富生命力。根据设置的需要,拱桥的拱有单拱、双拱、多拱之分;在多拱桥中,处于中间的拱洞一般最大,两边依次缩小。园林中的拱桥,以单拱最为常见,因为单拱的桥洞更显得秀美,玲珑生姿,符合园林整体的意境与美感要求。
  Arch bridge is a very beautiful type of bridge, which is full of vitality. According to the needs of setting, the arch of arch bridge can be divided into single arch, double arch and multi arch; in multi arch bridge, the arch hole in the middle is generally the largest, and the two sides are successively reduced. Single arch is the most common arch bridge in the garden, because the single arch bridge is more beautiful and exquisite, which conforms to the overall artistic conception and aesthetic requirements of the garden.
  廊桥是带有廊顶的桥。早期的桥梁大多为木桥,但木桥不耐长久的风吹雨打,人们便想办法在桥上加建了顶盖,形成桥屋,以保护木制的壳体,这种带有桥屋的桥就被称作“廊桥”。这种桥能使游人免于风吹日晒,又能在避雨的同时,观赏雨中水景。
  A covered bridge is a bridge with a roof. In the early days, most of the bridges were wooden bridges, but the wooden bridges could not withstand the long-term wind and rain, so people tried to build a top cover on the bridge to form a bridge house to protect the wooden shell. This kind of bridge with the bridge house was called "Langqiao". This kind of bridge can protect tourists from the wind and sun, and at the same time, watch the Waterscape in the rain.
  亭桥是一种特殊形式的桥,它是桥与亭的结合,下部是桥,上面是亭,桥与亭相依相映,既是桥,也是亭。在桥的基础上加建了亭,因此整体的高度也就相对增加了,所以相对来说,亭桥的形体更为优美,更显亭亭玉立。
  Pavilion bridge is a special form of bridge, which is the combination of bridge and pavilion. The lower part is the bridge, the upper part is the pavilion. The bridge and pavilion are closely related to each other. It is both a bridge and a pavilion. On the basis of the bridge, kiosks have been built, so the overall height has increased relatively. Therefore, the form of kiosks and bridges is more beautiful and more elegant.
  园桥注重的是“源于自然又出于自然”,它是众多桥梁中的一个特殊种类,是为游人驻足赏景和休息的一种建筑,它跨越园林中的水体与凹凸山体地形,体现一种意境的氛围。
  Garden Bridge focuses on "from nature and from nature". It is a special kind of bridge, a kind of building for tourists to stop and enjoy the scenery and rest. It spans the water body and the concave and convex mountain terrain in the garden, reflecting an atmosphere of artistic conception.
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