Landscape architecture is an important part of landscape architecture. It combines with mountains, water and plants to form a beautiful landscape picture. Bridge is an important element of landscape composition in the garden. It has dual functions of traffic and viewing. The bridge body can be divided into water surfaces to increase the level sense of water landscape. When the zigzag bridge crosses the water, there are scenes corresponding to each zigzag section of the bridge body, so that visitors can appreciate the wonderful change of scenery in zigzag travel.
Flat bridge is a bridge with flat bridge deck, that is, the bridge deck is parallel to the water surface or the ground, the bridge deck does not fluctuate, and arch holes are not used below the bridge deck, but most of them are supported by stone piers, wooden piers and other vertical supports, so the overall image is relatively simple and generous.
The curved bridge deck is mostly in the form of flat bridge, but from the plane point of view, the bridge body has many twists and turns, in the form of multi-section bending. Qu bridge is generally divided into three, four, five and even nine curves. Most of them are built on the garden pool to separate the water surface so that it is not monotonous. It is also a garden view, and it also allows visitors to get closer to the pool water.
Arch bridge is a very beautiful type of bridge, which is full of vitality. According to the needs of setting, the arch of arch bridge can be divided into single arch, double arch and multi arch; in multi arch bridge, the arch hole in the middle is generally the largest, and the two sides are successively reduced. Single arch is the most common arch bridge in the garden, because the single arch bridge is more beautiful and exquisite, which conforms to the overall artistic conception and aesthetic requirements of the garden.
A covered bridge is a bridge with a roof. In the early days, most of the bridges were wooden bridges, but the wooden bridges could not withstand the long-term wind and rain, so people tried to build a top cover on the bridge to form a bridge house to protect the wooden shell. This kind of bridge with the bridge house was called "Langqiao". This kind of bridge can protect tourists from the wind and sun, and at the same time, watch the Waterscape in the rain.
Pavilion bridge is a special form of bridge, which is the combination of bridge and pavilion. The lower part is the bridge, the upper part is the pavilion. The bridge and pavilion are closely related to each other. It is both a bridge and a pavilion. On the basis of the bridge, kiosks have been built, so the overall height has increased relatively. Therefore, the form of kiosks and bridges is more beautiful and more elegant.
Garden Bridge focuses on "from nature and from nature". It is a special kind of bridge, a kind of building for tourists to stop and enjoy the scenery and rest. It spans the water body and the concave and convex mountain terrain in the garden, reflecting an atmosphere of artistic conception.