Huizhou gardens can be divided into different varieties according to their different environments and functions: one is private gardens built by eminent families for their own use. For example, the Tang Dynasty model Tangan Garden, which imitates the West Lake, is known as "Little West Lake". The orchard in Xixi South is owned by Wu Tianhang, a wealthy man in Jiajing, Ming Dynasty. The designer of the garden is Zhuzhishan and Tangyin. The Shuixiang Garden in Qiankou covers an area of more than 2000 square meters and has a huge momentum. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, many dignified officials and scholars visited the garden, while the Fuga Saluo Garden, the ancestral villa of Wang Shidu, a famous doctor in Qianlong period, was named for its son Wang Dashun, who cured the persistent illness of the emperor and was granted two red red red red bean trees by the emperor.
There are also some garden gardens with feelings in the scenery and big in the small. Gardening in the courtyard is a common method of Huizhou gardening. It uses the limited area of the courtyard, according to the terrain, the use of mountain pools, gardening, sculpture, painting and other techniques to place mountains and forests in front of the courtyard, drain water behind the courtyard, stack mountains and water, and skillfully plan. Really deep courtyard, poetic and picturesque, quiet and pleasant, infinite fun. The most representative garden is Xidi West Garden. This garden was built in the Qingdaoguang period. The brick octagonal gate building serves as the entrance, and three buildings are arranged in a zigzag line. It is connected by a narrow courtyard. In the courtyard, brick walls, arched portals and rectangular leaky windows are separated, forming the front garden, the middle garden and the back garden.
Such disposal makes the whole courtyard in a kind of "separation and non-separation, boundary and unbounded", which adds the beauty of quiet to the courtyard. In addition, the stone tablets, stone fish pots and rockery, bonsai and flowers in the courtyard give people a change of scenery, which is very beautiful. Another kind is the official garden. This kind of garden is built by the government for its own use. Chinese traditional society emphasizes "learning while excelling is official". Feudal officials are mostly literati. Their aesthetic taste and literati mentality can be better reflected in the construction of the gardens in the government offices. For example, the environment of Huizhou Prefecture is "beautiful scenery with beautiful scenery, quiet and vulgar atmosphere and magnificent luxury".
Another kind of temple garden is the ancient temple Hexuan. Ancient Huizhou Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism coexist, temples, temples and nunneries. The site of temples, temples and nunneries is usually between green hills and green waters. The courtyard is influenced by the secular and external natural environment, and is also used for garden layout. Of course, temple gardens have their religious and cultural characteristics in addition to ordinary gardens. Therefore, whether it is the temple of the holy monk in the suburb of Huizhou prefecture or the jungle temple in Xiaoxi village of Shenan, it is surrounded by bamboo trees, with pines and bamboos, peach blossoms flowing water, and there are large arhat frescoes created by famous Buddhist writers. It adds luster to temple gardens. Another type is the Shuikou Garden at the ancient village mouth. Shuikou is a landscape area deliberately built by ancient Huizhou people at the entrance of their village, which is characterized by trees, pavilions and temples. It is the "gateway" and "soul" in the whole architecture of Huizhou village. The tree buildings in Shuikou are clearly maintained in the clan regulations of the big clans in the village. No one can destroy them at will. Therefore, although Shuikou Garden has no wall maintenance, but all villagers for their own safety and success, they can also blindly do their best to maintain it.
Ancient gardens of Huizhou School are varied. The ancient land of Huizhou is decorated into a large garden by various gardens. Make people living in them "in the city as in the wilderness" and "landscape into the home". There are three main reasons why it is magnificent, meticulous and delicate. One is the beauty of Huizhou landscapes, which makes it possible for it to learn from nature; the other is the rich cultural background of Huizhou, which provides a wonderful idea for the construction of Huizhou garden; the third is the strong economic power of Huizhou merchants, which provides strong economic support for the construction of Huizhou garden. In this way, we can still enjoy such a rich historical and cultural heritage today. And this heritage has attracted worldwide attention. In the early 1990s, a classical construction company in Shexian County, at the invitation of Goethe's native land in Germany, built Chunhua Garden of Hui style. Thus, the quiet and pleasant ancient garden of Huizhou is not only Huizhou, but also the Chinese nation and the world.
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