The lasting artistic appeal of Hui-style gardens is due to their common artistic style and visual aesthetics, which is rooted in the foundation of traditional Chinese gardens. Separating the landscape design example of "Yellow River feeling Jiangnan County", this paper analyses the inheritance of Hui garden style and the application of the theory of blending with other countries, and puts forward the conclusion that the development of Hui garden will be an effective way to deal with the future experience of people's ecology and return to nature.
Hui-style architecture is one of the most important schools of traditional architecture of the Han nationality. As an important part of Hui culture, Hui-style architecture has always been respected by Chinese and foreign architectural giants. It is prevalent in Huizhou (today's Huangshan City, Jixi County, Wuyuan County) and Yanzhou, Jinhua, Quzhou and other Western Zhejiang regions.
Hui architecture originated from Dongyang and is a typical representative of Jiangnan architecture. Historically, Huizhou merchants operated in Yangzhou, Suzhou and other places, and Hui-style buildings also had a considerable impact on the local architectural style.
The Hui architectural group planning pays more attention to the surrounding environment, refers to the mountain terrain, water vegetation, and is close to the mountains and rivers, trying to integrate artificial buildings and natural landscape, and insists on the harmony between man and nature. It shows the deep cultural connotation of Huizhou people.
In general planning, Hui-style architecture is in line with the situation, delicate in conception and natural appropriateness; in plane planning, the scope is sensitive and changeable; in space structure and application, it is rich in appearance and beautiful in rhythm, with horse-head wall and small green tiles as its most characteristic; in the comprehensive application of architectural carving art, it combines stone carving, wood carving and brick carving, and appears magnificent and magnificent.
Horsehead wall is an important feature of Hui architecture. In villages where people live together, the density of residential buildings is relatively high, and the high horsehead wall can meet the needs of intensive fire and wind protection of the houses in villages. In the case of fire breaking out in adjacent houses, it plays the role of separating fire sources, so the Horsehead wall is also called the firewall. Because of the design of the Horsehead wall, the tall and blocked wall appears to be uneven. The static and rigid wall, because of the Horsehead wall, shows a dynamic aesthetic feeling.
Vermilion gate, hollow window
Vermilion, also known as Chinese red, means nobility and authority, and vermilion doors mean seriousness. The wall is often hollowed out with carved windows. The patterns are often magpies climbing the plum trees. The good news of spring is not only the longing of the wife and children, but also the wishes of the foreigners.
Blue Brick, Dewar or Pink Wall
"Pink wall Dewar" is the white wall, blue and black tile, used to describe the house. In terms of architectural color, the green bricks, powder walls and Daiwa of Jiangnan folk houses constitute a simple and elegant style. The roof is green tiles, and the outer wall is bricked. The roof, eaves, empty wall, Guanyin Dushan ridge or horsehead wall form a diverse rhythm and the style of the building groups with powder walls, Daiwa and deep courtyard.
Courtyard is the main form of expression of Chinese architecture for thousands of years. In the form of enclosure of houses, it contains Chinese ideas and aesthetic tastes. This inward-blocked and warm courtyard space has nurtured and nurtured the personality and character of generations of Chinese, making it the most common traditional way of life.
Flying eaves are the eaves of their roofs, which are like birds spreading their wings, light and vivid. They are one of the important manifestations of the national style in Chinese architecture. The eaves of traditional Chinese architecture, especially the eaves of corners, are raised upward.
Slope roof occupies an insignificant position in traditional Chinese architecture. Traditional sloping roof shape design will make palaces, temples and other palace buildings produce a common rhythm of magnificence, elegance, flying and elegance, and also make residential buildings feel cordial, natural and warm.
Stone carving, wood carving, brick carving
Stone carving, brick carving and wood carving are the "three carvings" of ancient Huizhou architecture. Huizhou woodcarving, stone carving and brick carving are good at dealing with the nature of the original materials. They can not only dissolve in the whole building, but also be as refreshing and elegant as ink painting. Especially woodcarving art, more ancient buildings like tiger wings.
The planning and planning of courtyard buildings are based on the symmetrical arrangement of North and South and the blockade of independent courtyards. It forms a social network system with family courtyard as the center, neighborhood as the trunk line and community area as the plane. It also constitutes a living environment that conforms to people's psychology, adheres to traditional culture and harmonious neighborhood relations.