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园林建筑工程中挡土墙设计怎么设计比较合理?
发布时间:2019-03-11
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
随着对园林工程审美请求的进步,挡土墙的景观营造设计对丰厚园林工程景观空间的视觉效果具有重要的作用。在停止挡土墙景观营造方式的设计时,应该遵照其根本准绳,谐和环境、量体裁衣地塑造空间,运用线条性、平面空间型、图案型等多种方式来结构景观,创新挡土墙的方式,使其空间营造更丰厚多样,更具艺术性。挡土墙的设计方式指挡土墙的外形和高矮。据环境情况通常采用“五化”设计手法,即化高为低、化整为零、化大为小、化陡为缓、化直为曲。这五种设计改动了挡土墙立陡的单一设计,与植物等相分离,减小了挡土墙的不利视面,增加了绿化量,既有利于发明小气候,又有利于进步空间环境的视觉质量。挡土墙的设计方式普通那分为以下五种:
With the progress of aesthetic requirements for landscape engineering, the landscape design of retaining wall plays an important role in the visual effect of rich landscape space. When stopping the design of retaining wall landscape construction mode, we should follow its basic criterion, create space in harmony with environment and clothes according to style, use linearity, plane space, pattern and other ways to structure landscape, and innovate the way of retaining wall, so as to make its space more rich, diverse and artistic. Retaining wall design means the shape and height of the retaining wall. According to the environmental conditions, the "five modernizations" design method is usually adopted, that is, to turn high into low, to turn whole into zero, to turn big into small, to turn steep into slow, to turn straight into curved. These five designs have changed the single design of the retaining wall's vertical steepness, separated from plants, reduced the adverse view of the retaining wall and increased the amount of greening, which is not only conducive to the invention of microclimate, but also conducive to the improvement of the visual quality of the space environment. Retaining walls are usually designed in the following five ways:
1、化高为低
1. Turn High to Low
土质好,高差在1米以内的台地,设计的挡土墙要降低高度,在0.4—0.6米。上面局部放成斜坡,用花草、灌木停止绿化。假如坡度大,为了保证土坡的稳定,可用空心预制水泥方砖固定斜坡,再用花草,灌木在空隙处绿化。既美观、坚持生态均衡,同时也省工省时省工程投资。
The soil quality is good, and the height difference is less than 1 meter. The design of retaining wall should reduce the height, which is 0.4-0.6 meters. Top part of the slope, with flowers, shrubs to stop greening. If the slope is large, in order to ensure the stability of the soil slope, hollow prefabricated cement square brick can be used to fix the slope, and then flowers and plants, shrubs in the gap greening. It is not only beautiful and ecological balance, but also labor-saving, time-saving and investment-saving.
2、化整为零
2. Divide the whole into zero
园林建筑工程
高差较大的台地,在2.5米以上,做成一次挡土墙,会产生压制感,同时也易形成整体圬工,应化整为零,分红多阶的挡墙建筑,中间跌落处平台用欣赏性较强的灌木绿化,例如莲翘、丁香、榆叶梅、粉刺玫、黄刺玫等,也可用藤本绿化,例如五叶地锦、野蔷薇、藤本玫瑰等。土质不好要停止换土。这种设计解除了墙体视觉上的庞大笨重感,美观与工程经济得到统一。
The platform with large height difference, which is more than 2.5 meters, can be made into a retaining wall, which can produce a sense of pressure, but also easy to form a whole masonry. It should be integrated into a zero-dividend multi-step retaining wall building. The platform in the middle of the fall should be greened with shrubs with strong appreciation, such as lotus, cloves, elm leaf plum, Rosa davidiana, etc., or vine greening, such as Broussonetia quinquefolia, Rosa wilfordii, and vine. Ben Rose et al. If the soil is not good, stop changing it. This design relieves the visual bulkiness of the wall and unifies the aesthetics and engineering economy.
3、化大为小
3. Turn Big into Small
在一些美观上有特殊请求的地段,土质不佳时,则要化大为小,即便挡土墙的外观由大变小。做法是整个墙体分为二局部,下部加宽,构成种植池填土绿化。在景观亮堂之处也能够设计成水池,放养游鱼水生植物,也能够设计成喷泉,构成欣赏性很强的空间效果。
In some beautiful areas with special requirements, when the soil quality is not good, the retaining wall should be changed from big to small, even if the appearance of the retaining wall changes from big to small. The method is that the whole wall is divided into two parts, and the lower part is widened to form a planting pond for filling and greening. It can also be designed as a pool, stocking fish and aquatic plants, or a fountain where the landscape is bright, forming a very enjoyable spatial effect.
4、化陡为缓
4. Turn steepness into gentleness
把直立式挡土墙设计成斜面式,同样高度的挡土墙由于挡墙界面到人眼的间隔变远了,原来看不见的内容如今能看到,视野空间变得开敞了,环境也显得愈加明快了。
The vertical retaining wall is designed to be inclined, the same height of the retaining wall because of the distance between the interface of the retaining wall and the human eye, the original invisible content can now be seen, the visual field space has become open, the environment has become more bright.
5、化直为曲
5. Turn Straight into Music
把挡土墙由直化曲,把直线条化成曲线,突出动态,愈加能吸收人的视野,给人以舒美的觉得,特别在一些特殊的场所,分离如留念碑、露天剧场、球场等,流利的曲线使空间构成明显的视觉中心,更有利于突出主要景物。
Retaining wall from straight curves, straight lines into curves, highlighting dynamic, more able to absorb people's vision, give people a comfortable feeling, especially in some special places, such as memorial tablets, open-air theatres, stadiums, etc., fluent curves make the space constitute a clear visual center, more conducive to highlighting the main scenery.
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