The gate of Hui-style architecture is one of the highlights of Hui-style architecture, which is prevalent in residential buildings. Wandering in the streets of ancient villages and towns in Huizhou, the gates with different shapes are particularly noticeable, either single towers or in rows along the streets. The top structure of the door building is similar to that of the building. The door frame and the door fan are arranged in the middle, and the outside of the door fan is inlaid with iron door rings. There are eaves-like buildings on the top of the gate, double-sided brick carvings on the lintel, and plaques such as "purple air coming to the east" and "bamboo buds flourishing". The frame is decorated with auspicious patterns such as flowers and bats, which add beauty to the cake.
1. The gate of Huizhou architecture is the key point of the whole dwelling house, and its location, shape and decoration are very important. Safety,<
Transportation, separation, lighting, heat preservation and other functions, but also with geomantic omen, symbolic functions, is the top priority of housing construction. The gate building is located outside the door of the house and house for decorating the gate. Gateway design is one of the highlights of Hui architecture, which is prevalent in residential buildings. Wandering in the streets of ancient villages and towns in Huizhou, the gates with different shapes are particularly noticeable, either single towers or in rows along the streets. The top structure of the door building is similar to that of the building. The door frame and the door fan are arranged in the middle, and the outside of the door fan is inlaid with iron door rings. There are eaves-like buildings on the top of the gate, double-sided brick carvings on the lintel, and plaques such as "purple air coming to the east" and "bamboo buds flourishing". The frame is decorated with auspicious patterns such as flowers and bats, which add beauty to the cake.
2. The common forms of gates in Hui architecture are city gate, Palace gate, Palace gate, mansion gate, mountain gate, Ruyi gate, five-ridge gate, archway gate, pendant flower gate, flower gate, wall door, Shijinmen, etc. Most of the existing Huizhou ancient dwellings are the relics of Ming and Qing Dynasties and the Republic of China, and most of the doors follow the walls. The location, shape, color and material of the houses have distinct regional characteristics. It is also full of a sense of the times, mainly reflected in simplicity, poor workmanship, pattern selection and so on. From the Ming Dynasty to the early Qing Dynasty, the door buildings of Hui-style dwellings were often shaped like octagons, archways, pendant patterns and plaques. Ordinary officials and businessmen live in the southern half of the Hutong. The main building is located in the northwest of the main building. Most of them use the ideal gate. The doorway is small but gorgeous. There are many large houses in small courtyards and doors, which belong to the sense of nobility and wealth. Whether the gate is in the north or south of the street, the Department foot is in an auspicious position, because the choice of the gate location affects the evasion of Nafu, so it is a major concern of every family.
Ancient buildings of Hui school are mainly made of bricks, wood and stone, and mainly of wood frame. The girder frame is made of huge materials and pays attention to decoration. The middle part of the cross beam is slightly arched, so it is commonly known as "winter melon beam" in folk. The two ends are carved with flat circular (Ming Dynasty) or circular (Qing Dynasty) patterns. The middle section is often carved with various patterns, and the whole body appears magnificent, gorgeous and magnificent.
The material used for the pillars is also rather thick and the upper part is slightly thin. The pillars in Ming Dynasty were usually shuttle-shaped. Liang Tuo, claw column, fork hand, Baquan, Queti (Dingtou arch in Ming Dynasty), diagonal brace and other mostly carved patterns, line feet. The ingenious combination and decoration of beam structure components make the technology and artistic techniques blend together, and achieve a perfect combination of beads. Beams are usually painted with tung oil instead of paints, which is very simple and elegant. Corners, patios, railings, walls, windows, etc. are cut into stone strips and slabs by means of bluestone, red sand or granite, and patterns are often combined by the natural texture of the stone itself. The wall is basically built with small green bricks to the Horsehead wall.
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