首页 >> 新闻咨询 >> 徽派建筑大门设计离不开哪些元素的进入?
徽派建筑大门设计离不开哪些元素的进入?
发布时间:2019-03-08
浏览量:
来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
徽派建筑大门是徽派建筑的亮点之一,盛行于民居建筑之中。徜徉于徽州古村镇街巷,那些或单体高耸、或沿街成排相连,形制各异的门楼尤为引人注目。门楼顶部结构和筑法类似房屋,门框和门扇装在中间,门扇外面镶有铁制的门环。门楼顶部有挑檐式建筑,门楣上有双面砖雕,一般刻有“紫气东来”、“竹苞松茂”的匾额等。斗框边饰有花卉、蝙蝠等吉祥图案,有锦上添花之美感。
The gate of Hui-style architecture is one of the highlights of Hui-style architecture, which is prevalent in residential buildings. Wandering in the streets of ancient villages and towns in Huizhou, the gates with different shapes are particularly noticeable, either single towers or in rows along the streets. The top structure of the door building is similar to that of the building. The door frame and the door fan are arranged in the middle, and the outside of the door fan is inlaid with iron door rings. There are eaves-like buildings on the top of the gate, double-sided brick carvings on the lintel, and plaques such as "purple air coming to the east" and "bamboo buds flourishing". The frame is decorated with auspicious patterns such as flowers and bats, which add beauty to the cake.
1、徽州建筑的大门作为整个民居的重点,其位置与造型、装饰都是非常重要的。有安全、<
1. The gate of Huizhou architecture is the key point of the whole dwelling house, and its location, shape and decoration are very important. Safety,<
交通、分隔、采光、保温等功能,还具有风水、象征功能,是房屋建设的重中之重。门楼是位于家宅宅院门外部,装饰大门之用。门楼设计则是徽派建筑的亮点之一,盛行于民居建筑之中。徜徉于徽州古村镇街巷,那些或单体高耸、或沿街成排相连,形制各异的门楼尤为引人注目。门楼顶部结构和筑法类似房屋,门框和门扇装在中间,门扇外面镶有铁制的门环。门楼顶部有挑檐式建筑,门楣上有双面砖雕,一般刻有“紫气东来”、“竹苞松茂”的匾额等。斗框边饰有花卉、蝙蝠等吉祥图案,有锦上添花之美感。
Transportation, separation, lighting, heat preservation and other functions, but also with geomantic omen, symbolic functions, is the top priority of housing construction. The gate building is located outside the door of the house and house for decorating the gate. Gateway design is one of the highlights of Hui architecture, which is prevalent in residential buildings. Wandering in the streets of ancient villages and towns in Huizhou, the gates with different shapes are particularly noticeable, either single towers or in rows along the streets. The top structure of the door building is similar to that of the building. The door frame and the door fan are arranged in the middle, and the outside of the door fan is inlaid with iron door rings. There are eaves-like buildings on the top of the gate, double-sided brick carvings on the lintel, and plaques such as "purple air coming to the east" and "bamboo buds flourishing". The frame is decorated with auspicious patterns such as flowers and bats, which add beauty to the cake.
徽派装修设计
2、徽派建筑中常见的门楼形式有城门、宫门、殿宇门、府第门、山门、如意门、五脊门楼、牌楼门、垂花门、花门、随墙门、什锦门等。现存徽州古民居多为明清及民国遗构,门多为随墙门,其所处位置境况、造型、色调、材质既具有鲜明的地域性。也很富有时代感,主要反映在繁简、工拙、图案选用等方面。明至清初,徽派民居门楼造型常见有八字形、牌楼形、垂花式、字匾式等。一般官吏和商贾居住在胡同的南半部,门楼在主房的西北,多用如意门。门楼虽小却十分华丽。门小院大房屋多,属于那种显贵不漏富之意。无论门楼在街巷中的北部或南部,部足在吉祥的位置, 因为门楼位置的选择影响纳福避邪,所以是每家每户特别关心的大事。
2. The common forms of gates in Hui architecture are city gate, Palace gate, Palace gate, mansion gate, mountain gate, Ruyi gate, five-ridge gate, archway gate, pendant flower gate, flower gate, wall door, Shijinmen, etc. Most of the existing Huizhou ancient dwellings are the relics of Ming and Qing Dynasties and the Republic of China, and most of the doors follow the walls. The location, shape, color and material of the houses have distinct regional characteristics. It is also full of a sense of the times, mainly reflected in simplicity, poor workmanship, pattern selection and so on. From the Ming Dynasty to the early Qing Dynasty, the door buildings of Hui-style dwellings were often shaped like octagons, archways, pendant patterns and plaques. Ordinary officials and businessmen live in the southern half of the Hutong. The main building is located in the northwest of the main building. Most of them use the ideal gate. The doorway is small but gorgeous. There are many large houses in small courtyards and doors, which belong to the sense of nobility and wealth. Whether the gate is in the north or south of the street, the Department foot is in an auspicious position, because the choice of the gate location affects the evasion of Nafu, so it is a major concern of every family.
徽派古建筑以砖、木、石为原料,以木构架为主。梁架多用料硕大,且注重装饰。其横梁中部略微拱起,故民间俗称为“冬瓜梁”,两端雕出扁圆形(明代)或圆形(清代)花纹,中段常雕有多种图案,通体显得恢宏、华丽、壮美。
Ancient buildings of Hui school are mainly made of bricks, wood and stone, and mainly of wood frame. The girder frame is made of huge materials and pays attention to decoration. The middle part of the cross beam is slightly arched, so it is commonly known as "winter melon beam" in folk. The two ends are carved with flat circular (Ming Dynasty) or circular (Qing Dynasty) patterns. The middle section is often carved with various patterns, and the whole body appears magnificent, gorgeous and magnificent.
立柱用料也颇粗大,上部稍细。明代立柱通常为梭形。梁托、爪柱、叉手、霸拳、雀替(明代为丁头拱)、斜撑等大多雕刻花纹、线脚。梁架构件的巧妙组合和装修使工艺技术与艺术手法相交融,达到了珠联璧合的妙境。梁架一般不施彩漆而髹以桐油,显得格外古朴典雅。墙角、天井、栏杆、照壁、漏窗等用青石、红砂石或花岗岩裁割成石条、石板筑就,且往往利用石料本身的自然纹理组合成图纹。墙体基本使用小青砖砌至马头墙。
The material used for the pillars is also rather thick and the upper part is slightly thin. The pillars in Ming Dynasty were usually shuttle-shaped. Liang Tuo, claw column, fork hand, Baquan, Queti (Dingtou arch in Ming Dynasty), diagonal brace and other mostly carved patterns, line feet. The ingenious combination and decoration of beam structure components make the technology and artistic techniques blend together, and achieve a perfect combination of beads. Beams are usually painted with tung oil instead of paints, which is very simple and elegant. Corners, patios, railings, walls, windows, etc. are cut into stone strips and slabs by means of bluestone, red sand or granite, and patterns are often combined by the natural texture of the stone itself. The wall is basically built with small green bricks to the Horsehead wall.
本文的精彩内容由徽派装修设计提供精彩的呈现,如果您有不同的意见,欢迎大家登录:http://www.sdhuiyun.com留言交流,转载请填写转载来源!
The wonderful content of this article is presented by Hui-style decoration design. If you have different opinions, you are welcome to log in: http://www.sdhuiyun.com message exchange, reprint please fill in the reprint source!
相关推荐
仿古青砖在古建筑修复方面的重要作用
展厅装修设计,如何打构成未来科技感展厅?
锌钢护栏,铝艺围墙和锻铁围墙的优缺点是什么?
为什么办公室装修需要好的设计?
徽派建筑工艺特征
中式装修设计风格介绍 中式装修注意事项是什么
素雅的院子,才是真正的美
古建筑有哪些讲究?风格为何也有不同?
什么是徽派园林?​徽派园林六大特点