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了解徽韵建筑,品味徽韵故事
发布时间:2019-02-25
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
徽派修建是徽商在衣锦还乡后用来体现身份标志的。依山就势,构思精巧,天然得当,以马头墙、小青瓦有特征。徽派修建以民居、祠堂和牌坊为典型,被誉为徽州古建三绝。
The construction of Hui School was used by Hui merchants to embody their identity signs after the return of their clothes and brocades to their homeland. According to the situation, delicate conception, natural and appropriate, horse head wall, small green tiles are the most characteristic. The Huizhou School is most typical in the construction of residential buildings, ancestral halls and archways, and is known as the three outstanding ancient buildings in Huizhou.
徽商之所以能在中华大地上奔驰多年,有一个重要的原因在于他们固有的"乡谊观念"和"宗族认识",构成了徽商以众帮众、彼此提携的传统。
An important reason why Huizhou merchants have been able to run for many years in China lies in their inherent "concept of country friendship" and "patriarchal knowledge", which constitute the tradition of Huizhou merchants helping the masses and carrying each other forward.
有位徽商叫许孟洁,这个人亲族观念极强,他在外生意做得非常红火,所以亲戚朋友纷繁去投靠他。凡来投靠者,他都加以提携,所以他的亲戚朋友也就个个致富。
Xu Mengjie, an Huizhou merchant, has a strong sense of kinship. He is doing very well in foreign business, so his relatives and friends are flourishing to join him. Everyone who came to depend on him was brought along, so his relatives and friends became rich.
徽派修建
Hui Style Construction
正是因为徽商的亲族们之间彼此支持,亲族每每发扬光大,构成了徽州典型的文明——精美绝伦的宇舍以及大大小小的祠堂。
徽派装修设计
It is precisely because the relatives of Huizhou merchants support each other and develop each other, which constitutes the typical civilization of Huizhou - exquisite buildings and large and small ancestral halls.
徽州牌坊的来历更是五花八门了。有名且是仅有一座八脚牌坊的许国石坊据说是清乾隆年间许国立下汗马功劳皇帝特许他度假回乡建的。而按例只能建成的四脚牌坊,许国为突显自己的与众不同,耗时八个月“先斩后奏”建起的。皇帝戏言“建坊八月,不是说是四脚,就是八脚也早就造好了”。而这也是全国仅有一座八脚牌坊,可见也真是破例了。
The history of Huizhou archway is even more varied. Xu Guoshifang, the most famous one with only one eight-legged archway, is said to have been built by Emperor Xu Guoxia during the reign of Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty. Xu Guo spent eight months building the four-legged archway which could only be built as a rule to highlight his distinctiveness. The emperor jokingly said that "in August, the founding of Fangfang, not only four feet, but also eight feet were built long ago". This is the only eight-legged archway in the country, which is an exception.
徽商在外多年,常为无作为不归家。年纪轻轻外出经商,留下孤儿寡母。经商之途路程坎坷,困难重重,宗族之中有得有失。棠樾牌坊群就是在这么一个大宗族的布景下构成的。鲍氏宗族七大牌坊,当属鲍文龄妻汪氏节孝坊具特色,据县志记载,汪氏为棠樾人,25岁守寡,45岁去世,守节20个春秋。后人所说的“贞节牌坊”是亦有据可寻的。
Huizhou merchants have been abroad for many years and often do nothing to return home. Young people go out to do business, leaving orphans and widows behind. Business has a bumpy journey and many difficulties. There are gains and losses among clans. Tangyue archway group is formed under the background of such a large clan. The seven archways of the Bao clan are the most distinctive. According to the county records, Wang is a Tangyue, widowed at the age of 25, died at the age of 45, and celebrated 20 Spring and Autumn Festivals. The "chastity archway" mentioned by later generations is also evident.
绩溪县振兴徽雕有限公司专业从事国家级非物质文明遗产——徽州木雕制作和接受徽派古修建的文明企业,著作曾多次获得国家级专业博览会金、银奖。木雕著作被指定为2009、2010年《安徽农业产业化交易会》专用礼品,2010年 6月份企业应邀参加世博会安徽周展览。2008年本企业被县人民政府指定为“徽州木雕传习所”,2010年获得农业产业化“市级龙头企业”称谓,2011年起被评为“安徽省林业产业化龙头企业”和“宣城市旅行商品生产企业”称谓,许多著作被广大知名人士保藏,产品供不应求。是我省规划具影响力的徽州木雕和徽派古修建生产企业。
Jixi Vitalizing Huizhou Carving Co., Ltd. specializes in the production and acceptance of Huizhou woodcarving, a national intangible civilization heritage, and has won gold and silver prizes in national professional expositions for many times. Wood carving works were designated as special gifts for Anhui Agricultural Industrialization Fair in 2009 and 2010. In June 2010, enterprises were invited to participate in the Anhui Weekly Exhibition of the World Expo. In 2008, the enterprise was designated as "Huizhou Wood Carving Institute" by the county people's government. In 2010, it was named "City-level Leading Enterprise" in agricultural industrialization. Since 2011, it has been named "Anhui Forestry Industrialization Leading Enterprise" and "Xuancheng Travel Commodity Manufacturing Enterprise". Many works have been preserved by well-known people and the products are in short supply. It is the largest and most influential production enterprise of Huizhou woodcarving and Huizhou ancient construction in our province.
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