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别墅庭院设计应该注意哪些设施?
发布时间:2019-02-14
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
1、院子景象规划风格的挑选院子有多种不同的风格,一般是依据业主的喜爱断定其基本的款式。院子的款式可简略地分为规则式和自然式两大类,目前从风格上私家院子可分为四大流派:亚洲的中国式、日本式,欧洲的法国式和英国式。而修建却有多种多样的不同风格与类型,如古典与现代的距离,前卫与传统的对比,东方与西方的差异。常见的做法多是依据修建物的风格来大致断定院子的类型。过去具有典型日本院子风格的杂木园式院子与茶庭等,往往融自然风景于院子之中,给人清雅幽静之感。
1. The selection of courtyard landscape planning style has many different styles. Generally, the basic style of courtyard is determined according to the owner's preference. The style of courtyard can be divided into two categories: regular style and natural style. At present, the style of private courtyard can be divided into four schools: Asian Chinese style, Japanese style, European French style and British style. However, there are many different styles and types of construction, such as the distance between classical and modern, the contrast between avant-garde and traditional, the difference between the East and the West. The common practice is to roughly determine the type of courtyard according to the style of the building. In the past, miscellaneous wooden garden courtyards and tea houses with typical Japanese courtyard style often blended with natural scenery in the courtyard, giving people a sense of elegance and quietness.
但日式院子与西式修建两者难以一致,而日式修建与规则式院子也有格格不入之感,因而要考虑到院子景象规划风格与修建物之间的协调性。院子颜色也是影响院子景象规划风格的因素之一,对颜色规划的一个技巧是依据修建颜色与周围环境断定院子的主色调。观叶植物在花园的规划中很重要,在英国等欧洲国家,认为花坛中栽种些观叶植物是很自然的工作。绿色中嵌有白斑的斑叶植物比纯绿色品种明度高,如银叶的雪叶莲、朝雾蒿草等,可将花坛烘托得更亮堂,其他另栽具有橙色、赤色及紫色叶的彩叶植物,可构成强烈的对比,添加色调的明快感。
But the Japanese courtyard and the Western-style construction are difficult to agree, and the Japanese-style construction and the regular courtyard also have a sense of incompatibility, so we should consider the coordination between the courtyard landscape planning style and the building. Courtyard color is also one of the factors affecting the style of landscape planning. One of the skills of color planning is to determine the main color of the courtyard according to the construction color and the surrounding environment. Leaf-viewing plants are very important in garden planning. In the UK and other European countries, it is natural to plant some leaf-viewing plants in flower beds. The brightness of green plants with white spots is higher than that of pure green varieties, such as snow lotus with silver leaves and Artemisia sprouts, which can make the flower bed brighter. Other plants with orange, red and purple leaves can form a strong contrast and add the brightness and pleasure of tone.
此外还可考虑还有叶形的变化、质感的差异等。夏日是一个开花植物品种繁多的时节,因而,能够进行多样化的颜色组合,用充溢野趣的多年生草花来装点。在夏日即便用颜色明度高的多种花色组合也不会有杂乱之感。例如能够用美丽的,不同色系的金鱼草配成多个生动的色块,这其间能够装点一些银叶植物或白花香雪球等加以中和。
庭院别墅装修设计
In addition, changes in leaf shape and texture can also be considered. Summer is a season of flowering plants with many varieties. Therefore, it is possible to make a variety of color combinations and decorate them with wild and interesting perennial grass flowers. In summer, even with a variety of color combinations with high brightness, there is no sense of confusion. For example, we can use beautiful, different color series of golden carp grass to form many vivid color blocks, which can be decorated with some silver leaves or white flower snowballs to neutralize.
2、院子排水与光照条件的影响排水、光照、通风、土质等会影响到植物生长发育的好坏,特别是光照充足与否是决定可培养哪些花卉的重要条件。一般来说,能将花园建在光照条件好、朝南的地方理想,所以有必要首先澄清别墅院子的地舆条件,如一天中的日照时间,阴面与阳面的处理等。在此基础上挑选适合这些环境的植物品种。而背阴处也能作出院子景象规划,如可建成阴地花园以供观赏。
2. The influence of drainage and illumination conditions in courtyard drainage, illumination, ventilation and soil quality will affect the growth and development of plants, especially the sufficient illumination is an important condition to determine which flowers can be cultivated. Generally speaking, it is the most ideal place to build a garden in sunshine and facing south, so it is necessary to clarify the public opinion conditions of villa yard first, such as the sunshine time in a day, the treatment of shade and sun, etc. On this basis, plant varieties suitable for these environments were selected. And the shady back can also make yard landscape planning, such as shady garden can be built for viewing.
3、家庭成员的需求院子款式也可反映出居住在这里的家庭的生活方法。只要上班族配偶的两口之家由于无暇养护花草,院子中常常只种些花木或宿根花卉;有幼儿家庭的院子则应铺设可放玩具的草坪,并栽培一些颜色美丽的一、二年生草花和球根花卉;如果家中有人对植物养护管理感兴趣,就可种些四季时令草花,营建一个完美的观赏花园。总之,院子景象款式及所培养植物品种应依据家庭人员组成与年龄结构有所挑选。
3. Family members'needs, courtyard style can also reflect the living methods of families living here. As long as the working couple's family has no time to conserve flowers and plants, the yard often only grows some flowers or perennial flowers; the yard of a young child's family should lay lawns for toys, and cultivate some beautiful one or two-year-old grass flowers and bulbous flowers; if someone in the family is interested in plant conservation and management, they can plant some seasonal grass flowers and build a perfect ornament. Garden. In a word, the garden landscape style and plant varieties should be selected according to family composition and age structure.
4、院子面积的巨细面积较大的宅院能够挑选的院子景象风格也较广泛,由于面积越大可选的植物品种也越多,调配方法也可复杂一些,但在栽培时有必要顾及到整体的一致性,避免相互冲突。而狭小的宅院可用面积有限,因而须有周密的装备计划,所栽植的植物品种应少一些。而院子不论巨细,道路的铺装是必不可少的,一般的院子小经可用天然石材或者各色地砖、黑白相间的鹅卵石铺就。院子的布局十分关键。崇尚简洁的能够在院子中种些花草,或者是做成一个绿色植物的苗圃。而如果希望取得更加理想的景象作用,许多人会请专业的规划师来规划和制造院子,作出独具特色的院子景象规划风格。如用曲折小道合作巨大树木让人发生“院子深深”的感觉;而用曲形拱门、雕花栏杆、立柱涡卷合作精心修剪的矮丛植物,则活脱脱一个欧陆风情的再现。
4. The courtyard landscape style that can be selected by the courtyard with large and small area is also wider. Because the larger the area, the more varieties of plants can be selected, the method of dispensing can be more complex. But it is necessary to take into account the overall consistency in cultivation and avoid conflicts. However, the available area of small houses is limited, so it is necessary to have a careful equipment plan and plant fewer varieties. The courtyard, regardless of size, road pavement is essential, the general courtyard can be paved with natural stone or various kinds of floor tiles, black and white cobblestones. The layout of the courtyard is crucial. The advocate of simplicity can grow some flowers and plants in the yard, or make a nursery of green plants. If we want to achieve a more ideal scenic role, many people will ask professional planners to plan and manufacture the courtyard, and make a unique style of the courtyard scenic planning. If you use winding paths to cooperate with giant trees to make people feel "courtyard deep", while Bush plants carefully pruned with curved arches, carved railings and scrolls of columns will live out of the reappearance of a continental style.
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