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徽派建筑的东方美学的介绍
发布时间:2019-01-02
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
徽派修建是汉族传统修建重要的流派之一,徽派修建作为徽文化的重要组成部分,历来为中外修建大师所推重,流行于徽州及严州、金华、衢州等浙西地区。
As an important part of Hui culture, Hui-style construction has always been respected by Chinese and foreign construction masters. It is popular in Huizhou, Yanzhou, Jinhua, Quzhou and other Western Zhejiang areas.
徽商是官、贾、儒三位一体,因而出了大批官僚,有的成为朝中显贵,他们为荣宗光祖,炫耀乡里,除购置土地外,大部份用于奢华性消费,大兴土木,修建奢华的住所、园林、书院、祠社、学校等。这些古修建,风格共同,布局合理,装修精致,改变自然,具有乡土气息。加之徽州盛产木材,民间向有雕刻、绘画传统,砖、木、石雕独具匠心,因而形成颇具地方特色的修建,被誉为:“我国修建艺术的一大派系——徽派修建。”
Huizhou merchants are the trinity of officials, Jia and Confucianism. As a result, a large number of bureaucrats have emerged, some of them have become prominent officials in the central part of the DPRK. They are honorable ancestors of the emperor and show off their countryside. Apart from purchasing land, most of them are used for luxurious consumption, building luxurious dwellings, gardens, academies, ancestral halls and schools. These ancient buildings have the same style, reasonable layout, exquisite decoration, natural change and local flavor. In addition, Huizhou is rich in timber, folk tradition of sculpture and painting, brick, wood and stone carvings have unique ingenuity, thus forming a construction with local characteristics, known as "a major faction of construction art in China - Hui faction construction."
徽派修建考究标准礼数,官商亦有别。除脱金碧辉煌的徽商巨贾之家外,小户人家的民居亦不乏高雅与考究。
The construction of the Hui School pays attention to the standard etiquette, and the officials and businessmen are also different. Apart from the splendid Huizhou merchant giant family, the dwellings of small families are also elegant and elegant.
徽派园林设计
徽州民居考究自然情味和山水灵气,房子布局注重与周围环境的协调,自古有“无山无水不成居”之说。徽州古民居大多位于在青山绿水之间,依山傍水,与亭、台、楼、阁、塔、坊等修建交相辉映,构成“小桥、流水、人家”的美丽境界。黟县宏村,背靠古木参天的雷岗山,前临风光旖旎的南湖,傍依碧波萦回的浥溪河,整个村落规划成牛形,风光极为秀美,有“我国画里的村庄”之称。
Huizhou dwellings pay attention to natural flavor and landscape spirit. The layout of houses pays attention to the coordination with the surrounding environment. Since ancient times, there has been the saying that "no mountains, no waters, no residence". Ancient Huizhou dwellings are mostly located between green hills and rivers. They are close to mountains and rivers, and reflect the construction of pavilions, terraces, pavilions, towers and fangs, forming a beautiful realm of "small bridges, running water and people". Hongcun in Yixian County, backed by the ancient wooden mountains of Leigang, facing the beautiful South Lake and the lingering river, the whole village is planned into a cow-shaped, beautiful scenery, known as "the village in our paintings".
在平面布局上规模灵活,千变万化;在空间结构和利用上,造型丰厚,考究韵律美,以马头墙、小青瓦有特色;粉墙、瓦、马头墙、砖木石雕以及层楼叠院、高脊飞檐、曲径回廊、亭台楼榭等的调和组合,构成徽派修建的基调。
In the plane layout, the scale is flexible and changeable; in the space structure and utilization, the shape is rich and the rhythm is beautiful, with the horse-head wall and small green tiles being the most distinctive; in the powder wall, tile, horse-head wall, brick and stone carving, as well as the harmony and combination of cascaded courtyards, high ridge eaves, winding corridors, pavilions, pavilions and pavilions, etc., constitute the keynote of Hui school construction.
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