The style and characteristics of Huizhou style construction should be embodied in the construction of village dwellings. From juice setting, site selection, shape, structure, layout to decoration and beautification, it reflects Huizhou's land characteristics, geomantic desire and regional decoration tendency. The so-called dwelling house refers to the old folk dwelling house, which is different from the building of palaces, government posts, altar temples and cemeteries. Generally, it uses more economical methods, adapts to the conditions of prison and uses it according to its aptitude in order to meet the needs of life and production. Its functions, forms, structures and materials are adapted to each other and skillfully combined with each other. The dwelling houses in different places also have different humanities. Features, styles are different, rich and diverse, and simple and natural. The construction of Huizhou has attracted worldwide attention because of its characteristics, historical reasons and geographical elements.
Above all, the site selection and planning of Huizhou village dwellings reflect the format of being close to the mountains and rivers and on the right side of the slope. Even if planning is carried out with natural topography and landform, through appropriate selection of construction techniques such as flower walls, leaky windows, pavilions and patios, internal and external space is communicated, so that the house community can reach the artistic conception of skillfully combining with the environment. Because the hilly and mountainous structure of Huizhou is special, surrounded by mountains, high and low valleys, covered by mountains and hills, there are more mountains and less land, and the rock valleys are several times as large as the earth fields. It is called "seven mountains, one water, one field, one road and manor".
Therefore, the vision of Huizhou villages is rich in this special landscape artistic conception, just like a solidified Chinese landscape painting and a piece of Chinese folk music, as recognized by the people of insight, it combines the intersection of the static state of mountains and the dynamic state of water, the complementarity of the closure of mountains and the opening of water. This makes Huizhou residential villages, mostly based on natural mountains and rivers, pay attention to the selection of geographical environment, fully understand nature, obey: plant natural use of nature, and then from nature, into nature and natural transformation. In the hilly area of Huizhou, where there are many mountains, mountains must be the primary elements of village site selection. Customs believe that "thick mountains, rich people, beautiful mountains and peaceful mountain residents", so the thick mountains, clear mountains and residential areas have become the agreed norms of residential site selection. Together, the demand for water and the prevention of water are another important criterion for village site selection. "The so-called water person, taking the high and dry potential, does not make the water close to the skin, only if the water potential is tortuous and circumferential, its first meaning is righteousness."
In this way, the normative requirements of comprehensive two aspects are pillow hill, surround water, face screen and sunrise. The village site and house foundation are selected on relatively high platform and gentle slope, and the situation can be adjusted according to the situation. This will not only meet the requirements of broad vision, that is, the so-called "hope for better" but also meet the requirements of ecological elements of residents'lives. It is generally known that the ecological factors affecting human livelihood include two categories: one is biological factors referring to biological resources, health, defense and so on; the other is right and wrong biological factors referring to land, sunshine, air, temperature and so on.
Huizhou village site selection and housing base selection are constrained by natural conditions. At first, most of them originated from their ancestors'site selection and construction according to the ambitious form of backing mountains and rivers. As the preface of Wang's Yimen genealogy, Dongan genealogy, compiled during the Qianlong reign of the Qing Dynasty, said: "Since the ancient wise people moved, their Yin and Yang must be opposite and their mountain situation should be observed." Therefore, in Huizhou, where hills and hills are geomorphological features, streams and ponds are widespread, providing more space for the site selection of factories, and meeting the background of mountains and rivers becomes the most basic form of Huizhou villages. In this respect, there are many more, such as the ancestors of the Hecun School of Fang Shi saw a place where the mountains and rivers are very beautiful and there are towering peaks in front but special ones. After that, there are deep valleys but deep in the valleys. The rivers and rivers are circling, and the green forests are shady, so they Mu the victory of the mountains and rivers and divine their dwelling place.
The so-called divination is the ancient geomantic omen theory. It is a mysterious concept, skill and magic to determine the orientation, layout and construction of residences with feudal superstition and color to choose good luck and avoid bad luck. In the words of self-proclaimed Xin'an Zhuxi, the last master of acting science, "Jidu is between heaven and earth, a good geomantic omen", it is said that when villages were built in ancient times, they could be built in accordance with the words of public opinion, choosing the most auspicious factory entangled with stars, which is called eternal harmony and smoothness. Dai Zhen, a master of Park Studies in the Qing Dynasty in Xiuning, said, "In the desert of Shaoyuan Plain in Wuxian County, people live by mountains, and businessmen and businessmen operate outside to eat. Natural people get rid of mountains
The above content is provided by Hui Garden Planning Friendship, more wonderful click: http://www.sdhuiyun.com, we adhere to the integrity-based operating outline, welcome your cooperation!