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中式书房的设计中可以利用哪些元素?
发布时间:2018-11-29
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
一、化繁为简    相间得宜
I. Suitable for Simplifying Complications into Simplicity
在计成所著的《园冶》中,对“装折”有着专篇的论述,他提出“相间得宜”;文震亨也提出“各有所宜”;李渔提到“宜简不宜繁,宜自然不宜雕琢”。故而,在中式书房设计时,要以“宜”为装修设计的审美追求。
In the book Yuanye written by Huo Cheng, there is a special discussion on "disguising". He puts forward "suitable for each other". Wen Zhenheng also puts forward "suitable for each other". Li Yu mentions "simple is not suitable for complicated, natural is not suitable for carving". Therefore, in the design of Chinese-style study, we should take "appropriate" as the aesthetic pursuit of decoration design.
文人除了追求使用中的舒适之外,还对设计的繁简程度有具体要求。文人热爱自然,追求设计中本色、本质、本性的运用,以表达他们崇尚质朴的意蕴和以自然为美的审美趣味。 中式书房设计,可充分结合书房的功能,对书房设计和装修发挥出“宜”的精髓和韵致,灵活多变地进行构造中式书房之境。
In addition to pursuing comfort in use, literati also have specific requirements for the simplicity of design. Scholars love nature and pursue the application of nature, essence and nature in design so as to express their aesthetic interest of advocating simplicity and taking nature as beauty. Chinese-style study design can fully combine the functions of the study, give play to the essence and charm of "appropriate" for the design and decoration of the study, and flexibly construct the Chinese-style study.
二、变化丰富    错综为妙
2. It's wonderful to have a variety of changes.
中式书房设计,体现着“变化丰富,错综为妙”之美。文人以书房建筑的布局形式为依托,综合利用墙体、门窗、隔断等具体装修构件的设置,对中式书房内部空间层次划分起着积极的配合作用。这里所说的“错综”,指中式空间层次的玄妙幽曲之美,即是通过虚实结合的分隔之法,对中式书房空间巧妙设置,从而达到曲折有致,玄虚通妙的意境之美。
Chinese-style study design embodies the beauty of "rich change, intricate and wonderful". Relying on the layout form of the study building, the literati make comprehensive use of the setting of concrete decoration components such as walls, doors and windows, partitions and so on, which plays an active role in the division of the internal spatial levels of the Chinese study. The so-called "intricacy" here refers to the mysterious beauty of the Chinese space level, that is, through the separation of the virtual and the real, cleverly set up the Chinese study space, so as to achieve the beauty of the twists and turns, and the mysterious and subtle artistic conception.
如在中式设计书房之中装饰纱槅或落地罩分隔,再搭配适当的古典家具和其他雅致陈设,使中式设计书房空间功能分隔,隔而未断,空间里外互应,尽显文人独特的审美情趣和雅致的书房设计风格。
For example, in the study of Chinese style design, decorative yarns or floor covers are separated, and then matched with appropriate classical furniture and other elegant furnishings, so that the space function of the study of Chinese style design is separated and uninterrupted. The space corresponds to each other inside and outside, showing the unique aesthetic taste and elegant style of the study design of the literati.
中式书房设计,可利用屏风分隔出休息区,放置绣墩、八仙桌等,让中式空间更具诗情画韵。此外,亦可放置坐墩搭配根艺随型茶桌,或设一对圈椅,一对坐墩,几盏中式古灯和古玩摆件点缀其间,并在统一和谐的空间意蕴中,展现出独特内敛,典致秀雅的东方文化气质。
Chinese-style study design, can use the screen to separate the rest area, place embroidery piers, eight immortal tables, etc., so that Chinese space more poetic charm. In addition, it can also be placed with a tea table, or set up a pair of circle chairs, a pair of sitting piers, several Chinese ancient lamps and antique ornaments embellished in the meantime, and in a unified and harmonious spatial implication, showing a unique introverted, elegant and elegant Eastern cultural temperament.
中式装修设计
三、用材讲究    搭配得当
3. Material Matching
中式书房设计,用材讲究,搭配得当。在中式厅堂装修中,常常采用质地坚硬,雕饰较多,纹样复杂细致的硬质红木、楠木、花梨木、黄杨木和银杏木等优质木料。而在文人中式书房设计中则用优质松木、杉木以及竹等材料,充分凸显出原料纹理和本色。在漆料的选择上,颜色集中在紫檀紫、酸枝红、花梨黄等诸色彩上,墙壁多为白色,砖块多为灰色,极为素雅清丽,妙韵深远。杨耀先生在其《明清家具研究》中也讲,“书案一端也常临墙窗,墙窗敞开,檐际悬挂竹帘,书斋里的装饰和家具的式样是以肃雅脱俗为主旨”。
Chinese style study design, material is exquisite, collocation is appropriate. In the decoration of Chinese-style halls, high-quality wood such as hard texture, more sculptures and complex and meticulous patterns such as hard mahogany, nanmu, pear, boxwood and ginkgo wood are often used. In the design of literati Chinese-style study, high-quality pine, Chinese fir and bamboo materials are used to fully highlight the texture and nature of raw materials. In the choice of lacquer materials, the color concentrates on rosewood, acid branch red, flower pear yellow and other colors. The walls are mostly white and the bricks are mostly grey. They are very elegant and beautiful, with profound charm. Mr. Yang Yao also said in his Study of Furniture in Ming and Qing Dynasties that "at one end of the book case, the walls and windows are often open, and bamboo curtains are hung between eaves. The decoration and furniture design in the study are based on elegance and refinement".
另外“梅、兰、竹、菊”为文人所喜爱,这些富有人格魅力的植物不仅仅在中式书房中可点缀雅境,亦可运用到中式书房设计之中。如清竹,古人有“玉可碎而不改其白,竹可焚而不毁其节”之说,竹四季青翠、潇洒自若,中空、有节、挺拔、正直的形象的历来为文人所喜爱,与文人所推崇的谦虚、有气节、刚直不阿等美德十分吻合。文人中式书房设计一方面可用竹帘装饰,以寓意文人的高逸气节,和君子风度;另一方面竹节造型的明清家具往往制造精致,用材精良,细节突出,委婉而清醒。
In addition, "plum, orchid, bamboo and chrysanthemum" are popular among scholars. These plants with personality charm can not only embellish elegant environment in Chinese study, but also be used in Chinese study design. For example, Qingzhu, the ancients said, "Jade can be broken without changing its white, bamboo can be burned without destroying its festival." The four seasons of bamboo are green, natural, hollow, moderate, upright and upright. The image has always been loved by scholars, which is very consistent with the virtues of modesty, integrity and integrity respected by scholars. On the one hand, the design of Chinese-style study for literati can be decorated with bamboo curtain, which implies the literati's elegance and gentleman's demeanor; on the other hand, the furniture of Ming and Qing Dynasty with bamboo shape is often exquisite in manufacture, excellent in material, prominent in detail, euphemistic and sober.
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