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古建筑施工修复中需要注意什么?
发布时间:2018-11-26
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
古建筑设计中古建筑施工的修复,应做到能小修的不大修,能局部拆落的不全部拆落,尽量保留原构件,以保留古建筑的历史价值。对于古建筑装修中带有雕刻的瓦兽件、木雕、砖雕、石雕等艺术构件,要慎重处理,尽量做到不换或少换。
In order to preserve the historical value of ancient buildings, the restoration of ancient buildings in the construction of ancient buildings should be carried out with minor repairs and partial demolitions, and the original components should be retained as far as possible. The decoration of ancient buildings with carved tiles and animals, wood carvings, brick carvings, stone carvings and other artistic components, should be carefully handled, try not to change or less.
对塑像、壁画、彩画等附属艺术品,更不能随意修补。可移动建筑装饰物的修复,可采取传统技艺与近代技术相结合的方法,如铜器生锈,可用机械取除或用电解还原法取除;竹木漆器的脱水,可用自然干燥法,或用醇醚联浸、冰冻升华、高分子材料渗透聚合法;残毁的书画多采用传统的揭裱方法修复;古代丝网绢帛可用熏蒸法杀菌;脆弱纺织品可用丝网加固或传统的装裱方法加固;陶瓷器断裂用虫胶或环氧树脂等高分子材料粘接。
For statues, murals, paintings and other ancillary works of art, we can not repair them at will. Rehabilitation of movable building decorations can be achieved by combining traditional techniques with modern techniques, such as rusting of bronze ware, mechanical removal or electrolytic reduction; dehydration of bamboo and wood lacquerware can be done by natural drying, or by alcohol-ether immersion, freezing sublimation and polymer infiltration polymerization; damaged paintings and calligraphy can be collected more frequently. It can be repaired by traditional uncovering method, sterilized by fumigation in ancient silk screen silk, reinforced by silk screen or traditional mounting method in fragile textiles, and bonded with high polymer materials such as shellac or epoxy resin in ceramics.
建筑装饰物修复中采用的新材料、新工艺必须保证不损害文物的历史价值,包括文物的造型、材质、色泽、强度等,同时还要有可逆性。保护我国古建筑作为一名中国公民我们都有义务,所以我们提倡大家在欣赏古文明建筑的时候,也要懂得爱护,不要肆意破坏,经过修缮的古建筑意义也就会跟着发生改变。
The new materials and techniques used in the restoration of architectural decorations must ensure that the historical value of cultural relics is not damaged, including the shape, material, color, strength of cultural relics, and reversibility. It is our duty to protect our ancient architecture as a Chinese citizen, so we advocate that when we appreciate ancient civilized buildings, we should also know how to love them and not destroy them wantonly, and the significance of the renovated ancient architecture will change accordingly.
徽派园林设计
古建筑设计
Ancient architecture design
园林墙设计时应注意的关键问题
Key Problems Should Be Noticed in Landscape Wall Design
1、墙不能设置,尽量不要让人亲近自然,爱绿色。
1. Wall can not be set, try not to let people close to nature, love green.
2、可以用空间的方法,达到隔离自然材料的目的,尽可能。地面、水面、树木两侧树篱的标高,可以分离而不是目的。
2. Space can be used to isolate natural materials, as far as possible. The hedgerows on the ground, water and trees can be separated rather than used for purposes.
3、设置墙,可以尽可能低,尽可能通过,只有少量的隐私被覆盖,与封闭的墙壁。
3. Setting up a wall can be as low as possible, as far as possible through, only a small amount of privacy is covered, with closed walls.
4、墙绿地,成为景观的一部分,减少与人接触的机会,由墙到墙的场景转换。善于分离的空间和渗透的风景联系在一起,似乎没有,有爱,是一个高超的设计。墙体结构有木、砖、混凝土、金属材料等。
4. Wall green space, as part of the landscape, reduces the chance of contact with people, and changes the scene from wall to wall. Good separation of space and infiltration of the landscape together, it seems that there is no love, is a superb design. Wall structure has wood, brick, concrete, metal materials and so on.
5、竹篱笆竹篱笆是过去常见的墙,现在是罕见的。有人认为,一排竹编织,成为一个“活”墙(围栏),是符合生态要求的墙壁。
5. Bamboo fence bamboo fence is the most common wall in the past, but now it is rare. Some people think that a row of bamboo woven into a "living" wall (fence), is the most ecological requirements of the wall.
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