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中式传统建筑的门面装饰设计要注意什么?
发布时间:2018-11-02
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
门的装饰在中国中式设计古建筑元素运用中尤为显著。中国中式设计古建筑门的装饰性多表现在门的各个组成部分、材料及图案纹样的选择上颇有讲究。中式设计古建筑对门的装饰上选择材料多用木材、石材等自然材质;装饰纹样多为传统题材,例如,龙、狮子、蝙蝠为常见之物,植物中的牡丹、菊花,器物中的博古、琴、棋、书、画,寿字、万字符,文字福、禄、寿、喜等多是反映古时人们祈福纳祥,向往美好生活的心情体现。在宫廷中式设计建筑上多用红色、黄色,因为红、黄色有富丽华美之感,而民间的建筑多用青砖、灰瓦、白墙,以显朴素、清丽之美。例如,北京故宫是红门金钉,以显高贵。
The decoration of doors is especially notable in the use of Chinese ancient architectural elements. The decorative features of Chinese ancient architectural doors are mainly reflected in the selection of various components, materials and patterns of the doors. In the decoration of ancient Chinese architecture, wood, stone and other natural materials are mostly used; decorative patterns are mostly traditional themes, such as dragon, lion, bat, peony, chrysanthemum, antiquity, piano, chess, books, paintings, longevity characters, characters, fortune, fortune, longevity, happiness, etc. Most of them reflect the mood of people in ancient times wishing for happiness and longing for a better life. Red and yellow are often used in court Chinese-style design buildings, because red and yellow have a sense of magnificence and beauty, while the folk buildings are mostly made of green bricks, grey tiles and white walls to show the beauty of simplicity and beauty. For example, the Imperial Palace in Beijing is a golden door to show its nobility.
中式设计古建筑“门”装饰之门钉: 门板上的门钉成行、成列地按数字整齐地排列着,具有重复的形式美和数字的文化意蕴。例如,帝王宫殿大门上有八十一枚门钉。因为在中国古代的阴阳学将天下万物分为阴阳,男为阳,女为阴;在数字中,单数为阳,双数为阴。  中式设计古建筑“门面”装饰之看叶、辅首: 如今我们在中式设计古建门上常常见到的辅首多是一个兽头,口中衔个门环,这兽头是根据一段传说而来的。据《百家书》是记栽:“公输班见水蠡,谓之曰:‘开汝头,见汝形。’蠡造出头,般以足画之,蠡遂隐闭其户,终不可开。因效之,设于门户,欲使闭藏当如此固密也。”公输班人称木匠祖师爷,蠡在古代即为螺,螺有外壳,遇到不利情况,会将身体缩入壳内以保安全。故在大门上用螺的形象做辅首,象征门的坚固安全。随着代的变换,现在宫殿大门上的辅首,经过工匠的再创造,已由螺变成龙的九子“椒图”的兽面了,其威力要比螺大。
山东中式园林设计装修
Door nails for decoration of ancient Chinese design buildings: Door nails on door panels are arranged in rows and in rows according to numbers, which have repetitive beauty of form and cultural implications of numbers. For example, there are eighty-one door pins on the gate of the imperial palace. Because in ancient Chinese Yin-Yang theory, everything under heaven is divided into Yin-Yang, male is Yang, female is Yin; in the number, singular is Yang, double is Yin. Chinese design of ancient buildings "facade" decoration look at the leaves, supplementary head: nowadays, we often see in Chinese design of ancient building doors, supplementary head is a beast head, with a door ring in the mouth, this beast head is based on a legend. According to "100 letters" is a record planting: "lose class to see Shui Li," said: "open your head, see Ru shape." Li made his head and painted it with his feet. For the sake of effectiveness, it is based on the portal, so that it can be closed. The public transport class is known as Master Carpenter. In ancient times, Li was a snail. The snail had a shell. In adverse circumstances, it would retract its body into the shell to ensure safety. Therefore, the image of snail is added to the door to symbolize the safety of the door. With the change of generations, now the auxiliary head on the palace gate, through the re-creation of craftsmen, has changed from snail to dragon's nine "pepper picture" animal face, its power is greater than snail.
中式设计古建筑“门面”装饰之门簪: 门板是安装在门框上的,门框是由左右两根框柱、一根框回定在墙上或两根立柱之间的。“连楹”是固定在门轴的一根横木,“连楹”两头开出一个圆形孔,大小正好在门的上轴。如果门不宽就用两只木栓,门宽就用四只,门栓的位置与形态宛如妇女头上的发簪,很是幽雅端庄,故被称作门簪。门簪被加工成为圆形、六角形、八角形、花瓣形并敷以色彩。在门簪上有的还会写“吉祥如意”、“福禄寿喜”等字样,有时还刻成牡丹、菊花等吉祥纹样。
The door hairpin for the decoration of the "facade" of ancient Chinese architecture: The door slab is installed on the door frame, which is fixed between the left and right frame posts and one frame between the wall and two columns. "Lianhua" is a cross-bar fixed on the door axle, "Lianhua" opens a circular hole at both ends, the size of which is just on the upper axle of the door. If the door is not wide, two wooden bolts will be used, and four bolts will be used. The position and shape of the bolt is just like the hairpin on a woman's head. It is very elegant and dignified, so it is called the hairpin. The door hairpin is processed into round, hexagonal, octagonal, petal shaped and applied to color. On the door hairpins, some will write the words "lucky and happy", "lucky and happy life", and sometimes carved into the auspicious patterns of peony, chrysanthemum and so on.
中式设计古建筑“门面”装饰之门枕石: 门枕石都是用石料做的,因为它不仅要固定门轴让它转动,还要承受门扇的重量,根据它的位置与作用,取名为门枕石。在门枕石上多会刻上“梅、兰、竹、菊”、 “福”、“禄”、“寿”、“喜”等图形。  中式设计古建筑“门面”装饰之 门头: 在民间古建筑的门板左右有两根木柱,上面一条横木组成门框,框内安门扇,门框上面有简单的屋顶,可以遮阳和挡雨,这门上的小屋顶称为门头。后来,门头遮阳挡雨的功能日渐消退,门头的屋顶挑出部分越来越小,而屋顶上下的构件越来越复杂,成为罩在大门上面一种特殊装饰,又称门罩。门头上的装饰内容多为传统题材,例如,龙、狮子、蝙蝠;植物中有牡丹、莲荷、菊花;器物中的博古、琴、棋、书、画、寿字、万字等,有的甚至将传统戏曲内容以雕刻的形式出现在门头上。
Door pillow stone for decoration of ancient Chinese architecture "facade": Door pillow stone is made of stone, because it not only needs to fix the axle of the door to rotate, but also bears the weight of the door and fan. According to its position and function, it is named Door pillow stone. Graphics such as plum, orchid, bamboo, chrysanthemum, fortune, lu, longevity and happiness are often carved on the pillow stones. Chinese design of ancient buildings "front" decorative doorway: there are two wooden pillars around the door panels of folk ancient buildings, the top of which is a cross wood to form a doorframe. The doorframe is equipped with a door fan. There is a simple roof above the doorframe, which can shade the sun and block the rain. The small roof on the door is called the doorhead. Later, the function of sunshade and rain protection of the door head gradually faded, the roof Pick-out part of the door head became smaller and smaller, and the components under the roof became more and more complex, which became a special decoration on the door, also known as the door cover. The decorative contents on the front door are mostly traditional themes, such as dragons, lions, bats, peony, lotus and chrysanthemum in plants, antiquity, piano, chess, books, paintings, longevity characters and ten thousand characters in utensils, and some even carve the contents of traditional operas on the front door.门的装饰在中国中式设计古建筑元素运用中尤为显著。中国中式设计古建筑门的装饰性多表现在门的各个组成部分、材料及图案纹样的选择上颇有讲究。中式设计古建筑对门的装饰上选择材料多用木材、石材等自然材质;装饰纹样多为传统题材,例如,龙、狮子、蝙蝠为常见之物,植物中的牡丹、菊花,器物中的博古、琴、棋、书、画,寿字、万字符,文字福、禄、寿、喜等多是反映古时人们祈福纳祥,向往美好生活的心情体现。在宫廷中式设计建筑上多用红色、黄色,因为红、黄色有富丽华美之感,而民间的建筑多用青砖、灰瓦、白墙,以显朴素、清丽之美。例如,北京故宫是红门金钉,以显高贵。
The decoration of doors is especially notable in the use of Chinese ancient architectural elements. The decorative features of Chinese ancient architectural doors are mainly reflected in the selection of various components, materials and patterns of the doors. In the decoration of ancient Chinese architecture, wood, stone and other natural materials are mostly used; decorative patterns are mostly traditional themes, such as dragon, lion, bat, peony, chrysanthemum, antiquity, piano, chess, books, paintings, longevity characters, characters, fortune, fortune, longevity, happiness, etc. Most of them reflect the mood of people in ancient times wishing for happiness and longing for a better life. Red and yellow are often used in court Chinese-style design buildings, because red and yellow have a sense of magnificence and beauty, while the folk buildings are mostly made of green bricks, grey tiles and white walls to show the beauty of simplicity and beauty. For example, the Imperial Palace in Beijing is a golden door to show its nobility.
中式设计古建筑“门”装饰之门钉: 门板上的门钉成行、成列地按数字整齐地排列着,具有重复的形式美和数字的文化意蕴。例如,帝王宫殿大门上有八十一枚门钉。因为在中国古代的阴阳学将天下万物分为阴阳,男为阳,女为阴;在数字中,单数为阳,双数为阴。  中式设计古建筑“门面”装饰之看叶、辅首: 如今我们在中式设计古建门上常常见到的辅首多是一个兽头,口中衔个门环,这兽头是根据一段传说而来的。据《百家书》是记栽:“公输班见水蠡,谓之曰:‘开汝头,见汝形。’蠡造出头,般以足画之,蠡遂隐闭其户,终不可开。因效之,设于门户,欲使闭藏当如此固密也。”公输班人称木匠祖师爷,蠡在古代即为螺,螺有外壳,遇到不利情况,会将身体缩入壳内以保安全。故在大门上用螺的形象做辅首,象征门的坚固安全。随着代的变换,现在宫殿大门上的辅首,经过工匠的再创造,已由螺变成龙的九子“椒图”的兽面了,其威力要比螺大。
Door nails for decoration of ancient Chinese design buildings: Door nails on door panels are arranged in rows and in rows according to numbers, which have repetitive beauty of form and cultural implications of numbers. For example, there are eighty-one door pins on the gate of the imperial palace. Because in ancient Chinese Yin-Yang theory, everything under heaven is divided into Yin-Yang, male is Yang, female is Yin; in the number, singular is Yang, double is Yin. Chinese design of ancient buildings "facade" decoration look at the leaves, supplementary head: nowadays, we often see in Chinese design of ancient building doors, supplementary head is a beast head, with a door ring in the mouth, this beast head is based on a legend. According to "100 letters" is a record planting: "lose class to see Shui Li," said: "open your head, see Ru shape." Li made his head and painted it with his feet. For the sake of effectiveness, it is based on the portal, so that it can be closed. The public transport class is known as Master Carpenter. In ancient times, Li was a snail. The snail had a shell. In adverse circumstances, it would retract its body into the shell to ensure safety. Therefore, the image of snail is added to the door to symbolize the safety of the door. With the change of generations, now the auxiliary head on the palace gate, through the re-creation of craftsmen, has changed from snail to dragon's nine "pepper picture" animal face, its power is greater than snail.
中式设计古建筑“门面”装饰之门簪: 门板是安装在门框上的,门框是由左右两根框柱、一根框回定在墙上或两根立柱之间的。“连楹”是固定在门轴的一根横木,“连楹”两头开出一个圆形孔,大小正好在门的上轴。如果门不宽就用两只木栓,门宽就用四只,门栓的位置与形态宛如妇女头上的发簪,很是幽雅端庄,故被称作门簪。门簪被加工成为圆形、六角形、八角形、花瓣形并敷以色彩。在门簪上有的还会写“吉祥如意”、“福禄寿喜”等字样,有时还刻成牡丹、菊花等吉祥纹样。
The door hairpin for the decoration of the "facade" of ancient Chinese architecture: The door slab is installed on the door frame, which is fixed between the left and right frame posts and one frame between the wall and two columns. "Lianhua" is a cross-bar fixed on the door axle, "Lianhua" opens a circular hole at both ends, the size of which is just on the upper axle of the door. If the door is not wide, two wooden bolts will be used, and four bolts will be used. The position and shape of the bolt is just like the hairpin on a woman's head. It is very elegant and dignified, so it is called the hairpin. The door hairpin is processed into round, hexagonal, octagonal, petal shaped and applied to color. On the door hairpins, some will write the words "lucky and happy", "lucky and happy life", and sometimes carved into the auspicious patterns of peony, chrysanthemum and so on.
中式设计古建筑“门面”装饰之门枕石: 门枕石都是用石料做的,因为它不仅要固定门轴让它转动,还要承受门扇的重量,根据它的位置与作用,取名为门枕石。在门枕石上多会刻上“梅、兰、竹、菊”、 “福”、“禄”、“寿”、“喜”等图形。  中式设计古建筑“门面”装饰之 门头: 在民间古建筑的门板左右有两根木柱,上面一条横木组成门框,框内安门扇,门框上面有简单的屋顶,可以遮阳和挡雨,这门上的小屋顶称为门头。后来,门头遮阳挡雨的功能日渐消退,门头的屋顶挑出部分越来越小,而屋顶上下的构件越来越复杂,成为罩在大门上面一种特殊装饰,又称门罩。门头上的装饰内容多为传统题材,例如,龙、狮子、蝙蝠;植物中有牡丹、莲荷、菊花;器物中的博古、琴、棋、书、画、寿字、万字等,有的甚至将传统戏曲内容以雕刻的形式出现在门头上。
Door pillow stone for decoration of ancient Chinese architecture "facade": Door pillow stone is made of stone, because it not only needs to fix the axle of the door to rotate, but also bears the weight of the door and fan. According to its position and function, it is named Door pillow stone. Graphics such as plum, orchid, bamboo, chrysanthemum, fortune, lu, longevity and happiness are often carved on the pillow stones. Chinese design of ancient buildings "front" decorative doorway: there are two wooden pillars around the door panels of folk ancient buildings, the top of which is a cross wood to form a doorframe. The doorframe is equipped with a door fan. There is a simple roof above the doorframe, which can shade the sun and block the rain. The small roof on the door is called the doorhead. Later, the function of sunshade and rain protection of the door head gradually faded, the roof Pick-out part of the door head became smaller and smaller, and the components under the roof became more and more complex, which became a special decoration on the door, also known as the door cover. The decorative contents on the front door are mostly traditional themes, such as dragons, lions, bats, peony, lotus and chrysanthemum in plants, antiquity, piano, chess, books, paintings, longevity characters and ten thousand characters in utensils, and some even carve the contents of traditional operas on the front door.
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