Garden refers to a complete and unified combination of landscape composed of buildings, structures, animals and plants, which are ingeniously arranged according to natural factors such as topography, landforms and water bodies. It combines natural scenery with human landscape, and it is a place for people to enjoy and rest. Huizhou ancient garden is a derivative system of Jiangnan gardens in China. It covers a wide range of gardens, including the gardens on Huizhou land, but also the gardens with Huizhou style which exist outside Huizhou area, guided by Huizhou cultural concepts and used for gathering or enjoying by Huizhou people living in other places.
The so-called "Shuikou" is "the source of the water of one side". "Where water comes, the gate of heaven is open, if water does not come, the gate of heaven is open; wherever water goes, the door of heaven is closed. When the door opens, the money will come, but when the door closes, the money will be exhausted. Therefore, to retain the wealth, the mouth should be closed tightly. For this reason, besides choosing the location of the entrance to be located at the turning point of the mountain range, the crisscross of the dog's teeth, or the place where the mountain confronts each other and the clear flow surrounds, it is also necessary to build bridges, towers and other objects to increase the potential of the key to the entrance.
The most common method is to use bridges as locks, supplemented by trees, pavilions and ponds; in areas with a higher cultural level, Wenchang Pavilion, Kuixing Tower, Wenbi Tower and other tall buildings, supplemented by temples, pavilions, dykes, bridges and trees. In plain areas, estuaries are often located in the middle of the water or used as earth mounds, and temples or pavilions are built on the continents or piers, such as on the piers of Wuqing Town in Zhejiang Province.
Through the use of the above-mentioned techniques and long-term painstaking management, Fengshui Estuary Zone is often a landscaping area with crisscross mountains and rocks, clear water left-hand circle, buildings and lush trees, known as "Shuikou Garden". This kind of gardens is different from the general sense of gardens. It has become a unique type of ancient Chinese gardens system, based on its intertwined and changeable real mountains and rivers, adapted to local conditions, local materials, simple buildings and natural landscapes.
In our country, the number of Huizhou Shuikou gardens is the best. Because of their deep-rooted feudal clan view, they were willing to support their hometown's geomantic omen, which effectively promoted the construction of Huizhou's Shuikou gardens, such as Tangan Garden in Tangmo Village of Shexian County, Xichou of Tanghui County and Hongcun of Yixian County. A large number of famous Shuikou gardens, such as Nanhu, have become one of the most vigorous local gardens in China.