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园林古建筑式别墅庭院设计方案
发布时间:2021-06-21
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
如果你享有面积较大的庭院,那么设计时的核心问题就是要根据自己的生活需求,划分出真 正能够让你在户外停留的生活区。在有了享受庭院生活的基础活动区后,因地制宜在空间里添加几处亮点景观,如喷泉、花坛、雕塑等,都是让庭院变精彩的法宝。
If you have a large courtyard, the core problem of design is to divide the living area that can really let you stay outdoors according to your own living needs. After having the basic activity area to enjoy the courtyard life, adding several bright spots in the space according to local conditions, such as fountains, flower beds and sculptures, is the magic weapon to make the courtyard wonderful.
打造步骤1规划庭院空间
Building step 1 planning courtyard space
根据自己的需要,在庭院中设置烧烤就餐区、沙发休憩区、植物观赏区或是一个为男子准备的草坪玩耍区,甚至是为宠物提供的活动区,都是要在施工前考虑好的。这个案例中首先设置了一个纵轴的景观带,以端点的壁泉为终点,纵向设置了2处供主人休憩的休闲区,景观带中点缀有花径、花坛、雕塑、铁艺花架拱门等,达到了移步换景的视觉效果。
According to their own needs, barbecue dining area, sofa rest area, plant viewing area, lawn play area for men, and even activity area for pets should be considered before construction. In this case, a landscape belt with vertical axis is set first, with the end point of the wall spring as the end point, and two leisure areas are set longitudinally for the host to rest. The landscape belt is dotted with flower path, flower bed, sculpture, iron flower rack arch, etc., achieving the visual effect of changing scenery step by step.
打造步骤2种植设计
Create step 2 planting design
庭院四周的植物隔离带很重要,它能为庭院提供私密性;在中 央景观区,可以用宿根花卉和一年生花卉为主,打造出丰富绚丽的效果。然后在不同区域内,,点缀以盆栽种植,这一方面,这一方面能丰富种植品种(无法陆地越冬的植物可以种植在盆器内,方便在秋季搬如室内越冬),一方面也增加了庭院景观的层次感。
The plant isolation belt around the courtyard is very important, which can provide privacy for the courtyard; In the central landscape area, perennial flowers and annual flowers can be used to create a rich and gorgeous effect. Then, potted plants are planted in different areas. On the one hand, it can enrich the planting varieties (plants that can't overwinter on land can be planted in pots, which is convenient to move indoors in autumn). On the other hand, it can also increase the level of courtyard landscape.
打造步骤3围合和铺装
Build step 3 enclosure and pavement
所有的庭院都必须注意围合的设计,因为私密的静谧感必须要靠篱笆、实墙攀爬植物等的围合而达成。在庭院中,硬质材料(铺地、隔离、户外家具)的使用往往是决定庭院设计风格的关键。在古典风格的庭院中,自然做旧的砖材、铸铁家具的花架等是成功的关键。
All courtyards must pay attention to the design of enclosure, because the sense of privacy must rely on the enclosure of fences and climbing plants. In the courtyard, the use of hard materials (paving, isolation, outdoor furniture) is often the key to determine the courtyard design style. In the classical style of the courtyard, natural old brick, cast iron furniture flower rack is the key to success.
打造步骤4添加水景
Create step 4 add Waterscape
从设计角度讲,水景会活化空间,涓涓的溪流、潺潺的水声,能让人得到身心的释放。中国人讲究风水,水景在庭院中有生财的意义。本案中的壁泉背景墙不仅是美丽的景观,也是阻隔外界噪音,增强私密性的一种方式。
From the design point of view, waterscape will activate the space, and the trickling stream and murmuring sound can release people's body and mind. Chinese people pay attention to Fengshui. Waterscape has the meaning of making money in the courtyard. In this case, the wall spring background wall is not only a beautiful landscape, but also a way to block external noise and enhance privacy.
打造步骤5制造焦点景物
Create step 5 create focus
焦点景物是指庭院中人们注意的视觉焦点,一般的焦点元素有雕塑小品、水景、色彩和形状特异的植物、座椅、景墙等。选择焦点景物的原则是,不要在庭院中设置太多的焦点,否则会赵成视觉杂乱,体量大小要符合整体空间的规模,材质和风格尽量整体统一。
Focus scenery refers to the visual focus that people pay attention to in the courtyard. The general focus elements include sculpture sketches, Waterscape, plants with special color and shape, seats, landscape walls, etc. The principle of choosing focus scenery is not to set too many focus in the courtyard, otherwise it will cause visual disorder, the volume size should conform to the scale of the overall space, and the material and style should be unified as far as possible.
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