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别墅庭院景观设计的“统一”可以添加哪些因素?
发布时间:2019-08-09
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
别墅庭院景观设计现如今已经成为热门了,一个好的别墅庭院景观设计不仅能让家人生活的更好,也会让主人家有面子。那怎么才能让庭院沦落为单纯的花草仓库呢,可以通过巧妙的设计呈现章法,从以下几点入手,学会设计要领,才能营造出属于自己的特色庭院。
Villa courtyard landscape design has become popular nowadays. A good villa courtyard landscape design can not only make the family life better, but also make the host family face. Then how can we make the courtyard become a simple flower warehouse? We can show the rules through ingenious design. Starting from the following points, we can learn the main points of design, so as to create our own characteristic courtyard.
1、风格早确定
1. Early determination of style
别墅庭院景观设计首先要确立一种自己喜欢的风格。也可根据建筑物的风格大致定下花园的类型。一般,庭院样式可简单分为:规则式和自然式。比较常见的风格有:中式、日式、欧式、美式、田园、地中海以及现代式庭院。无论选择何种风格,在设计前,先确定庭院风格,要考虑到花园与建筑物之间的协调性。
Villa courtyard landscape design should first establish a style that they like. The type of garden can also be roughly determined according to the style of the building. Generally, courtyard style can be simply divided into regular and natural. The more common styles are: Chinese, Japanese, European, American, pastoral, Mediterranean and modern courtyards. Whatever style you choose, before designing, you should first determine the courtyard style, taking into account the harmony between the garden and the building.
2、布局巧规划
2. Smart layout planning
别墅庭院景观设计里的植物品种不要太多,应以一、二种植物作为主景植物,再选种一、二种植物作为搭配。植物的选择要与整体庭院风格相配,植物的层次要清楚、形式简洁而美观。
There are not too many kinds of plants in the landscape design of villa courtyard. One or two plants should be taken as the main landscape plants, and one or two plants should be selected as the matching. The selection of plants should be matched with the overall courtyard style. The level of plants should be clear, the form concise and beautiful.
水是庭院里不可缺少的元素,它与庭院中的其他元素相依相存,从而构建和谐完美的庭院景色。
Water is an indispensable element in the courtyard. It is interdependent with other elements in the courtyard, so as to build a harmonious and perfect courtyard landscape.
3、整体得统一
3. Unity as a whole
整体统一这个概念,对别墅区的庭院来讲,包括三个方面:别墅庭院景观设计应与周边环境协调一致,能利用的部分尽量借景,不协调的部分想方设法视觉遮蔽;庭院应与自家建筑浑然一体,与室内装饰风格互为延伸;园内各组成部分有机相连,过渡自然。
庭院别墅装修设计
For the courtyard of villa area, the concept of holistic unification includes three aspects: the landscape design of villa courtyard should be in harmony with the surrounding environment, the part that can be used should borrow the scenery as far as possible, the part that can not be coordinated should try to make visual shelter; the courtyard should be integrated with its own building and extend each other with the interior decoration style; Components are connected organically and naturally.
4、视觉应平衡
4. Vision should be balanced
庭院中的各个元素位置、形状、比例和质感在视觉上要适宜,以取得“平衡”,类同于绘画和摄影的构图要求,只是庭园三维立体,供多视角观赏。在庭院设计上还要充分利用人的视觉假象,比如在近处的树比远处的稍大一些,这样会使庭院看起来比实际的大。
The position, shape, proportion and texture of each element in the courtyard should be visually appropriate to achieve "balance", which is similar to the requirements of painting and photography. It is only a three-dimensional courtyard for multi-perspective viewing. In the courtyard design, we should also make full use of human visual illusions, such as trees in the vicinity are slightly larger than those in the distance, which will make the courtyard look larger than the actual.
5、动静相结合
5. Combination of static and dynamic
好的别墅庭院景观设计,要有多个观赏点,这样就能引导视线往返穿梭,从而形成动感。除日式微型园林外,几乎所有庭园都应在动静结合上多做文章。动感取决于庭院的形状和垂直要素(如绿篱、墙壁和植被)。
Good villa courtyard landscape design, there must be multiple viewing points, so that you can guide the line of sight shuttle back and forth, thus forming a sense of motion. In addition to Japanese miniature gardens, almost all gardens should do more on the combination of dynamic and static. Motion depends on the shape and vertical elements of the courtyard (such as hedges, walls and vegetation).
6、色彩需丰富
6. Colors need to be rich
一年四季,春暖秋凉。季节不同,植物的色彩应该相应有所变化。色彩的冷暖感会影响空间的大小、远近和轻重。别墅庭院景观设计中把暖而亮的元素设计在近处,冷而暗的元素布置在远处就会有增加景深的效果,使小庭院显得更为深远。
It's warm in spring and cool in autumn all year round. The colour of plants should change accordingly in different seasons. The cold and warm feeling of color will affect the size, distance and weight of space. In the landscape design of villa courtyard, warm and bright elements are designed in the vicinity, while cold and dark elements are arranged in the distance, which will increase the depth of field and make the small courtyard more profound.
夏季是一个开花植物种类繁多的季节,不妨进行多样化的色彩组合,用充满野趣的多年生草花来点缀。即使使用色彩度高的多种花色组合也不会有杂乱之感。例如可以用艳丽的,不同色系的金鱼草配成多个活泼的色块,当然最好点缀一些银叶植物或白花香雪球等加以中和,这样效果会更好。
Summer is a season with many kinds of flowering plants. It is advisable to combine various colors and adorn them with wild and interesting perennial grass flowers. Even the use of a variety of color combinations with a high degree of color will not feel chaotic. For example, you can use gorgeous, different color series of golden carp grass to compose a number of lively color blocks, of course, it is best to decorate some silverleaf plants or white flower snowballs to neutralize, so the effect will be better.
7、光照要充足
7. Enough light
排水、光照、通风、土质等会影响到植物生长发育的好坏,特别是光照充足与否是决定可栽培哪些花卉的重要条件。一般来说,能将花园建在光照条件好、朝南的地方最理想,所以必须首先弄清自家宅院的条件,一天中有几个小时日光照射?是半阴或是背阴?在此基础上选择适宜这些环境的植物种类。背阴处也能建院,可考虑建个阴地花园供观赏。
Drainage, lighting, ventilation, soil quality and so on will affect the growth and development of plants, especially the sufficient light is an important condition to determine which flowers can be cultivated. Generally speaking, it is ideal to build a garden in a place with good sunshine conditions and facing south. So we must first understand the conditions of our own house. How many hours of sunshine in a day? Is it half-yin or back-yin? On this basis, plant species suitable for these environments are selected. A shady garden can also be built for viewing.
8、植物求多变
8. Plants Seek Variability
多考虑植物的立体形状以求得变化。它们可能是圆形、圆柱形、披散状、波浪式或喷泉式。硬质的造园材料和花园装饰物也都有自己的形状。色彩、结构、外形、亮度,都可以从不同植物的选择上达到目的。
Consider more about the three-dimensional shape of plants in order to obtain changes. They may be circular, cylindrical, draped, wavy or fountain. Hard gardening materials and garden decorations also have their own shapes. Colors, structures, shapes and brightness can all be achieved through the selection of different plants.
别墅庭院设计虽有面积大小的限制,但是只要植物植物之间,花色花型花位等搭配协调,即使庭院面积小,也能设计出非常别致的园艺景观。
Villa courtyard design is limited in size, but as long as the plant and plant, flower pattern and flower arrangement are coordinated, even if the courtyard area is small, it can also design a very unique horticultural landscape.
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