The streets and lanes of Huizhou are mostly not straight, and the distance between them is not far. The streets and lanes of different directions interlace into a network of traffic. Don't lose sight of the signs in the streets and alleys, where a stone and a well are the signs of people's positioning. In addition, Huizhou Street and Lane Sequence itself can also form a sense of direction, which is a ring multi-level network system of the main street, one lane and one lane. Huizhou streets and lanes are dense and compact, and the change of width and narrowness shows a relaxed state, so they have good continuity and diverse characteristics.
Streets and lanes intersect to form nodes, and the beginning and end of streets and lanes also constitute nodes. Nodes can be divided into layers. Ordinary small nodes are only turning points and connecting points of roadways, while large nodes can be developed into centers and small squares. The starting point is the prelude of the beginning of the streets and lanes. It has a strong landmark and guidance to make more height difference changes. The intersection of streets and lanes makes the roads connect and turn around, giving people direction. The intersection points are sparse and dense according to the space demand of the whole street and lane, which makes the street and lane unified, continuous and varied. The expansion of intersection size can also form various centers, such as life center, Memorial center, communication center and so on. The sudden appearance of the central space well regulates the overall blockade and quiet feeling of the roadway.
Huizhou villages, which are gathered by traditional dwellings, are blended between mountains and rivers, either backed by mountains and rivers, or crossed by mountains and rivers, or pillowed by mountains and rivers. Villages are usually located on gentle slopes, with the gradual extension of the terrain and road direction. Generally speaking, the traditional villages in Huizhou are the backbone of mountains and streams, which are the blood of villages. The house community is cleverly separated from the surrounding environment, and the villages move along the stream, forming a beautiful style of villages and towns.
Generally speaking, Huizhou villages show the form of external blockade. There are three main ways of planning: one is linear planning. This kind of planning is accomplished by building groups along the roadway, or by extending the axis relationship of each building group. Line planning always has a main trunk line, strong sense of sequence, common residential can get a good orientation and landscape.
When the trunk line is too long, transportation and life are a little inconvenient. 第二种是散点型规划。 In the mountainous environment with complex terrain, the dwellings are in suitable zones and scattered. Scattered planning can hide the buildings in the mountains and forests, which is conducive to upholding the natural style and features, and is very suitable for the way of small natural villages, such as Poyuan Shangxiao. But this method sometimes appears confused, and the contact between households is not tight enough. The third one is agglomeration planning. It is suitable for all kinds of villages and towns. This kind of planning method occupies less land and is compact, and because of the centralized buildings, the blockade is strong, such as Huxian Pingshan.
In the process of evolution from ancient dwellings to new dwellings in Southern Anhui, the changes of plane type, simplification of decoration, application of new building materials, etc. are the manifestations of people's enthusiasm and natural inventiveness to explore life, and also the central place we should face up to and learn from. Regional renewal is an irresistible trend of history, and it is inevitable that architectural culture should be innovated from time to time. With the development of society and the progress of science and technology, people's way of life is also changing. As an important carrier of Huizhou architectural culture, the change of Huizhou folk houses tells us that innovation is not to abandon tradition, on the contrary, as long as innovation is carried out from time to time, it is the best inheritance and maintenance of tradition.
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