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园林建筑工程中绿地地形处理技巧
发布时间:2019-04-22
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来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
一、园林绿地地形处置准绳
I. Guidelines for Landscape and Greenbelt Terrain Disposal
1.分离地形,充沛表现自然风貌。大自然是美的景观,分离景点的自然地貌停止地形处置,使人备感亲切。
1. Separate the terrain and fully display the natural features. Nature is the most beautiful landscape. The natural landform of the separated scenic spots stops the disposal of topography, which makes people feel cordial.
2.以小见大,恰当造景。地形在高度、大小、比例、尺度、外观、形态等方面的变化可构成丰厚的地表特征,在较大的场景中需求开阔的绿地、大型草坪或疏林草地来展示雄伟壮观的场景;在较小的区域内,能够从程度和垂直两位空间突破划一划一的觉得,经过恰当的地形处置,发明更多的层次。
2. See the big from the small and make the scenery appropriately. The change of terrain in height, size, proportion, scale, appearance and shape can form abundant surface features. In larger scenes, open green space, large lawn or sparse forest grassland are needed to show magnificent scenes. In smaller areas, it is possible to break through the unification of degree and vertical two spaces, and invent more after proper terrain disposal. Levels.
3.地形与建筑调和统一。地形处置必需与景园建筑景观相谐和,以淡化人工建筑与环境的界线,使建筑、地形与绿化景观融为一体。
3. Harmonization and unification of terrain and architecture. Topographic disposal must be in harmony with landscape architecture in order to weaken the boundary between artificial buildings and the environment and integrate architecture, terrain and greening landscape.
二、不同绿地地形处置技巧
2. Disposal Skills of Different Greenbelt Terrain
1.广场广场是城市空间环境中具公共性、能反映城市文化特征的开放空间,故有“城市客厅”的佳誉。在广场的设计中,常常对地形停止抬升和降落处置。对留念性园林如留念碑、塔、雕塑或主题标志性建筑的地形常作抬升处置,以表现崇高、宏伟的意境,使观者情不自禁庄严感。水景能加强景观的动感,喷泉地宜高或平,其位置可高可低,以仰视表现高大而壮观,以平视表现平和而亲切。旱地喷泉则宜下沉,以俯视表现生动而生动。对无主景的公共休闲广场常做降落地形处置,如建造下沉式广场以交汇视野景观来营造大众性文化扮演和文娱休闲的场地。
园林建筑工程
1. Square Square is the most public and most reflective open space in the urban space environment, so it has a good reputation as "city living room". In the design of squares, terrain is often stopped from lifting and landing. The landforms of memorial gardens, such as memorial tablets, towers, sculptures or thematic landmarks, are often lifted to express lofty and magnificent artistic conception, which makes the viewers feel uncontrollable and solemn. Waterscape can enhance the dynamic sense of the landscape, the fountain should be high or flat, its position can be high or low, to look up to show magnificent and grand, to look down to show peaceful and cordial. Dryland fountains should sink to show vivid and vivid overlooking. Landing terrain is often disposed of in public leisure squares without main scenery, such as building sunken squares to create popular cultural play and recreational and leisure venues by intersecting visual fields.
2.街道绿地街道绿地是街道景观的要素,为了发明良好的视觉效果,除了合理搭配各种植物以外,恰当的地形处置也十分重要。整地时把地形做成“龟背”状或楔形,不只能加强道路的连续性,方向感,丰厚空中的景观层次,还有利于阻止尾气、粉尘、噪音的扩散,产生良好的生态效益。
2. Street green space and street green space are the elements of street landscape. In order to create a good visual effect, in addition to reasonable collocation of various plants, proper topographic disposal is also very important. Making the terrain "tortoise-back" or wedge-shaped during land preparation not only strengthens the continuity of the road, sense of direction, rich landscape level in the air, but also helps to prevent the spread of exhaust gas, dust and noise, and produces good ecological benefits.
3.园路绿地在寓居区、公园、景色区的道路设计中,对园路停止地形处置以构成恰当的起伏,或用步道台阶缓冲平整的路面,可到达调理游人步伐,缓解疲倦的作用。园路两边的地势呈起伏状,既满足了排水,又使道路具有活动性和方向性。采用不同资料装点路面,如用鹅卵石或碎石拼成图案,能够从颜色、外型上丰厚园林景观,且有助于健身。
3. In the road design of residential areas, parks and scenic areas, stopping the topographic disposal of garden roads to form appropriate undulations, or buffering the smooth pavement with steps, can achieve the function of regulating the pace of visitors and alleviating fatigue. The terrain on both sides of the garden road is undulating, which not only satisfies the drainage, but also makes the road active and directional. Using different materials to decorate the pavement, such as using pebbles or gravel to form patterns, can enrich the garden landscape from the color and appearance, and is helpful for fitness.
4.滨水绿地路堤是联络水与绿地的媒介,是现代城市中滨水绿地景观常见的园林要素。把路堤处置成微倾斜状,采用沙滩或草地形式使路堤缓缓延伸到水面,可突破绿地与水的界面。把路堤做成台阶,并将其延伸到水中以提供人们戏水的可能。自然式水体则考究“疏源之去由,察水之来历”,需求设计者多察看自然水体并加以提炼,求得神似而非形似,将人工水面发明出近似自然水系的效果。为了防止水出无源,通常将水面轮廓处置成自然迂回、时隐时现,水岸为自然迂回的倾斜坡地。假如是开阔的水体,还可发明岛、洲、滩等景观。
4. Waterfront green embankment is the medium connecting water and green space, and is a common garden element in modern urban waterfront green space landscape. The embankment is disposed into a slightly inclined shape, and the embankment is extended to the water surface slowly by means of beach or grassland, which can break through the interface between green space and water. The embankment is made into steps and extended into the water to provide the possibility for people to play in the water. Natural water body is concerned about "the origin of water and the source of water". Designers are required to inspect and refine the natural water body to obtain the similarity of gods and shapes, and to invent the effect of artificial water surface to approximate the natural water system. In order to prevent the water from being passive, the water surface contour is usually disposed of as a natural circuitous slope with natural circuitous slopes. If it is an open water body, it can also invent islands, continents, beaches and other landscapes.
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