首页 >> 行业咨询 >> 传统徽州宅居设计打造更应该趋向什么方面?
传统徽州宅居设计打造更应该趋向什么方面?
发布时间:2019-04-01
浏览量:
来源: http://www.sdhuiyun.com
徽派建筑主要盛行于徽州六县与严州大部以及周边徽语区(如安徽旌德、石台,江西浮梁、德兴等)。以砖、木、石为原料,以木构架为主。梁架多用料硕大,且注重装饰。还普遍采用砖、木、石雕,表现出高超的装饰艺术程度。
Huizhou architecture is mainly prevalent in six counties of Huizhou and most of Yanzhou, as well as the surrounding Hui language areas (such as Anhui Peide, Shitai, Jiangxi Fuliang, Dexing, etc.). Bricks, wood and stone are used as raw materials, and wooden frames are used as main materials. The girder frame is made of huge materials and pays attention to decoration. Bricks, wood and stone carvings are also widely used, showing a high degree of decorative art.
徽派建筑与其地域汉族传统民居的都有共同的特性,聚族而居,坐北朝南,注重内采光;以木梁承重,以砖、石、土砌护墙;以堂屋为中心,以雕梁画栋和装饰屋顶、檐口见长。
Hui-style architecture has common characteristics with the traditional houses of Han nationality in its region. They live together, sit in the north and face south, pay attention to interior lighting; take wooden beams as load-bearing, brick, stone and earth as wall protection; take hall houses as the center, carve beams, painted roofs and decorative eaves as their advantages.
徽派建筑集徽州山川景色之灵气,融汉族习俗文化之精髓,作风共同,构造严谨,雕镂精深,不管是村镇规划构思,还是平面及空间处置、建筑雕琢艺术的综合运用都充沛表现了鲜明的中央特征。尤以民居、祠堂和牌坊为典型,被誉为徽州古建三绝,为中外建筑界所注重和叹服。
Huizhou style architecture gathers the spirit of Huizhou mountain scenery, combines the essence of Han custom and culture, has a common style, rigorous structure and profound carving. Whether it is the planning idea of villages and towns, or the comprehensive use of plane and space disposal, architectural carving art, it fully reflects the distinct central characteristics. Especially the most typical folk houses, ancestral halls and archways, known as the three outstanding ancient buildings in Huizhou, have attracted the attention and admiration of the Chinese and foreign architectural circles.
徽派装修设计
二、特征
Two, characteristics
徽派建筑还普遍采用砖、木、石雕,表现出高超的装饰艺术程度。砖雕大多镶嵌在门罩、窗楣、照壁上,在大块的青砖上雕琢着生动逼真的人物、虫鱼、花鸟及八宝、博古和几何图案,极富装饰效果。木雕在古民居雕琢装饰中占主要位置,表如今月梁头上的线刻纹样,平盘斗上的莲花墩,屏门隔扇、窗扇和窗下挂板、楼层拱杆栏板及天井周围的望柱头号。内容普遍,多人物、山水、花草、鸟兽及八宝、博古。题材众多有传统戏曲、民间故事、神话传说和渔、樵、耕、读、宴饮、品茗、出行、乐舞等生活场景。手法多样,有线刻、浅浮雕、高浮雕透雕、圆雕和镂空雕等。其表现内容和手法因不同的建筑部位而各异。这些木雕均不饰油漆,而是经过高质量的木材色泽和自然纹理,使雕琢的细部更显生动。石雕主要表如今祠堂、寺庙、牌坊、塔、桥及民居的庭院、门额、栏杆、水池、花台、漏窗、照壁、柱础、抱鼓石、石狮等上面。内容多为意味不祥的龙风、仙鹤、猛虎、雄狮、大象、麒麟、祥云、八宝、博古和山水景色、人物故事等,主要采用浮雕、透雕、圆雕等手法,质朴高雅,淳厚潇洒。
Brick, wood and stone carvings are also commonly used in Hui style buildings, which show a high degree of decorative art. Most of the brick carvings are inlaid on the door cover, window lintel and wall, carving vivid figures, insects, fish, flowers and birds, Babao, Bogu and geometric patterns on large green bricks, which are very decorative. Wood carving occupies the main position in the carving and decoration of ancient folk houses. It is shown in the line carving pattern on the head of the moon beam, lotus pier on the flat dish bucket, screen door partition, window fan and hanging slab under the window, arch balustrade on the floor and watchtower number around the patio. The content is universal, including many characters, landscapes, flowers and plants, birds and animals, Babao and Bogu. There are many themes such as traditional operas, folk stories, myths and legends, fishing, woodcutting, farming, reading, feasting, tea tasting, travel, music and dance and other life scenes. There are various techniques, such as wire engraving, shallow relief, high relief carving, round carving and hollow carving. Its contents and techniques vary from building to building. These wood carvings are not painted, but through high quality wood color and natural texture, so that the details of carving more vivid. Stone carvings are mainly displayed in ancestral temples, temples, archways, towers, bridges and courtyards, doorways, railings, pools, flower beds, leaky windows, walls, pillar foundations, drum-holding stones, stone lions, etc. Most of the contents are ominous dragons, cranes, tigers, lions, elephants, unicorns, auspicious clouds, eight treasures, Bogu and landscape scenery, character stories, etc., mainly using relief, carving, round carving and other techniques, simple and elegant, simple and unrestrained.
三、格局
Three, pattern
传统徽州宅居根本的格局是三间式,普通为三开间、内天井,民间俗称为“一颗印”。平面规划对称,中间厅堂,两侧厢房,楼梯在厅堂前后或在左右两侧。入口处构成一内天井,作采光通风用。在此根底上建筑纵横开展、组合,可构成四合式、大厅式和穿堂式等格局。
The most fundamental pattern of traditional Huizhou residence is three-bedroom, which is commonly called "one seal" by the folk. Plane planning is symmetrical, the middle hall, the two sides of the compartment, stairs in the front and back of the hall or in the left and right sides. An inner patio is formed at the entrance for lighting and ventilation. On this basis, the vertical and horizontal development and combination of buildings can form four-in-one, hall-style and hall-style patterns.
本文的精彩内容由徽派装修设计提供知识提供,本网站还有很多的精彩内容,更多的内容您可以点击进入:http://www.sdhuiyun.com我们有专门的客服为您解答问题
The wonderful content of this article is provided by Hui style decoration design. There are many wonderful contents on this website. You can click on more content to enter: http://www.sdhuiyun.com. We have special customer service to answer your questions.
相关推荐
锌钢护栏,铝艺围墙和锻铁围墙的优缺点是什么?
为什么办公室装修需要好的设计?
徽派建筑工艺特征
中式装修设计风格介绍 中式装修注意事项是什么
素雅的院子,才是真正的美
古建筑有哪些讲究?风格为何也有不同?
什么是徽派园林?​徽派园林六大特点
别墅庭院装修设计三大因素
仿古建筑在现代工艺中的设计要点