Huizhou architecture is mainly prevalent in six counties of Huizhou and most of Yanzhou, as well as the surrounding Hui language areas (such as Anhui Peide, Shitai, Jiangxi Fuliang, Dexing, etc.). Bricks, wood and stone are used as raw materials, and wooden frames are used as main materials. The girder frame is made of huge materials and pays attention to decoration. Bricks, wood and stone carvings are also widely used, showing a high degree of decorative art.
Hui-style architecture has common characteristics with the traditional houses of Han nationality in its region. They live together, sit in the north and face south, pay attention to interior lighting; take wooden beams as load-bearing, brick, stone and earth as wall protection; take hall houses as the center, carve beams, painted roofs and decorative eaves as their advantages.
Huizhou style architecture gathers the spirit of Huizhou mountain scenery, combines the essence of Han custom and culture, has a common style, rigorous structure and profound carving. Whether it is the planning idea of villages and towns, or the comprehensive use of plane and space disposal, architectural carving art, it fully reflects the distinct central characteristics. Especially the most typical folk houses, ancestral halls and archways, known as the three outstanding ancient buildings in Huizhou, have attracted the attention and admiration of the Chinese and foreign architectural circles.
Brick, wood and stone carvings are also commonly used in Hui style buildings, which show a high degree of decorative art. Most of the brick carvings are inlaid on the door cover, window lintel and wall, carving vivid figures, insects, fish, flowers and birds, Babao, Bogu and geometric patterns on large green bricks, which are very decorative. Wood carving occupies the main position in the carving and decoration of ancient folk houses. It is shown in the line carving pattern on the head of the moon beam, lotus pier on the flat dish bucket, screen door partition, window fan and hanging slab under the window, arch balustrade on the floor and watchtower number around the patio. The content is universal, including many characters, landscapes, flowers and plants, birds and animals, Babao and Bogu. There are many themes such as traditional operas, folk stories, myths and legends, fishing, woodcutting, farming, reading, feasting, tea tasting, travel, music and dance and other life scenes. There are various techniques, such as wire engraving, shallow relief, high relief carving, round carving and hollow carving. Its contents and techniques vary from building to building. These wood carvings are not painted, but through high quality wood color and natural texture, so that the details of carving more vivid. Stone carvings are mainly displayed in ancestral temples, temples, archways, towers, bridges and courtyards, doorways, railings, pools, flower beds, leaky windows, walls, pillar foundations, drum-holding stones, stone lions, etc. Most of the contents are ominous dragons, cranes, tigers, lions, elephants, unicorns, auspicious clouds, eight treasures, Bogu and landscape scenery, character stories, etc., mainly using relief, carving, round carving and other techniques, simple and elegant, simple and unrestrained.
The most fundamental pattern of traditional Huizhou residence is three-bedroom, which is commonly called "one seal" by the folk. Plane planning is symmetrical, the middle hall, the two sides of the compartment, stairs in the front and back of the hall or in the left and right sides. An inner patio is formed at the entrance for lighting and ventilation. On this basis, the vertical and horizontal development and combination of buildings can form four-in-one, hall-style and hall-style patterns.
The wonderful content of this article is provided by Hui style decoration design. There are many wonderful contents on this website. You can click on more content to enter: http://www.sdhuiyun.com. We have special customer service to answer your questions.